Introduction to International Relations
Do all people in the world have equal value (are they worth the same)? Does this translate into universal human rights?
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood
(United Nations' Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948).
According to the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights all people are free and have equal rights, thus they are equally valued. However, this issue can be considered as controversial. It is written that people should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. But from the realist perspective it is not possible, because according to this theory people are led by the idea of benefitting himself by being an egoistic. Thus the idea that all people in the world have equal value is not possible. People are differently valued in many spheres of life. In addition most of that miss valuing can be counted as the violation of human rights. A few examples of different valuing of people will be described in this essay.
Nowadays due to the globalization process, which leads to the capitalistic system in the world, the rich is getting richer, while poor become poorer. Thus it is possible to make assumption that people and their rights are less valued in developing states rather than in developed states. For example, the workers, experts from developing states are less valued than those who from the core economy states even if they have the same experience of working in particular issue. As an example, on the Kazakhstan oil companies’ conference “Kazneftegasservice-2012” it was decided that they are going to invite the 100.000 foreign experts in order to work on oilfields of Kazakhstan, particularly on Karachiganak. It means that the experts from Kazakhstan are less valued. In addition, those experts are more paid for their job rather than their...