History of Facebook
Facemash is the Facebook’s predecessor opened on October 28, 2003. Initially, the website was invented by a Harvard student, Mark Zuckerberg, and three of his classmates Eduardo Saverin, Chris Hughes and Dustin Moskovitz. The website was originally called 'Facemash'. Mark Zuckerberg wrote the software for the Facemash website when he was in his second year of university. The website, was inspired by Zuckerberg’s sense of humor and was set as a type of “hot or not” game for Harvard students. The website allowed visitors to compare two student pictures side-by-side and let them choose who was “hot” and who was “not”. In January 2004, in the following semester at Harvard University, Mark Zuckerberg began writing computer codes for a new website, known as 'thefacebook'. He said in an editorial, The Harvard Crimson, that he was inspired to make Facebook from the incident of Facemash. He said to the editorial, "It is clear that the technology needed to create a centralized Website is readily available the benefits are many. On February 4, 2004, Zuckerberg launched "Thefacebook", originally located at thefacebook.com.[ On October 1, 2005, Facebook expanded to twenty-one universities in the United Kingdom. Facebook later expanded membership eligibility to employees of several companies, including Apple Inc. and Microsoft. Facebook was then opened on September 26, 2006 to everyone ages 13 and older with a valid e-mail address.
History of Friendster
Friendster was founded by computer programmer Jonathan Abrams in 2002 before the creation, launch and adoption of MySpace (2003),Facebook (2004), and others. The name Friendster is a portmanteau of "friend" and Napster. Napster at the time was a controversial peer-to-peer file sharing Internet service that was launched in 1999; by 2000, "Napster" was practically a household word, thanks to several high-profile lawsuits filed against it that year. The old Friendster site was founded in Mountain View, California by Jonathan Abrams in 2002 and was privately owned. Friendster is based on the Circle of Friends (social network) technique for networking individuals in virtual communities and demonstrates the small world phenomenon. Friendster was considered the top online social network service until around April 2004 when it was overtaken by MySpace in terms of page views, according to Nielsen//NetRatings. Friendster.com went live in 2002 and was quickly adopted by three million users within the first few months. Publications including Time,Esquire, Vanity Fair, Entertainment Weekly, US Weekly and Spin wrote about Friendster's success and the founder appeared on magazine covers and late-night talk shows. Friendster's rapid success inspired a generation of niche social networking websites including Dogsterand Elfster.
History of Twitter
Twitter's origins lie in a "daylong brainstorming session" held by board members of the podcastingcompany Odeo. Dorsey introduced the idea of an individual using an SMS service to communicate with a small group. The original project code name for the service was twttr, an idea that Williams later ascribed to Noah Glass, inspired by Flickr and the five-character length of American SMSshort codes. The developers initially considered "10958" as a short code, but later changed it to "40404" for "ease of use and memorability." Work on the project started on March 21, 2006, when Dorsey published the first Twitter message at 9:50 PM Pacific Standard Time (PST): "just setting up my twttr". The first Twitter prototype was used as an internal service for Odeo employees and the full version was introduced publicly on July 15, 2006. In October 2006, Biz Stone, Evan Williams, Dorsey, and other members of Odeo formed Obvious Corporation and acquired Odeo and all of its assets – including...