DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING A signal is defined as any physical quantity that varies with time, space or another independent variable. A system is defined as a physical device that performs an operation on a signal. System is characterized by the type of operation that performs on the signal. Such operations are referred to as signal processing. Advantages of DSP 1. A digital programmable system allows flexibility in reconfiguring the digital signal processing operations by changing the program. In analog redesign of hardware is required. 2. In digital accuracy depends on word length, floating Vs fixed point arithmetic etc. In analog depends on components. 3. Can be stored on disk. 4. It is very difficult to perform precise mathematical operations on signals in analog form but these operations can be routinely implemented on a digital computer using software. 5. Cheaper to implement. 6. Small size. 7. Several filters need several boards in analog, whereas in digital same DSP processor is used for many filters. Disadvantages of DSP 1. When analog signal is changing very fast, it is difficult to convert digital form .(beyond 100KHz range) 2. w=1/2 Sampling rate. 3. Finite word length problems. 4. When the signal is weak, within a few tenths of millivolts, we cannot amplify the signal after it is digitized. 5. DSP hardware is more expensive than general purpose microprocessors & micro controllers. Ch Ganapathy Reddy, Prof and HOD, ECE, GNITS id:email@example.com,9052344333 2
6. Dedicated DSP can do better than general purpose DSP. Applications of DSP 1. Filtering. 2. Speech synthesis in which white noise (all frequency components present to the same level) is filtered on a selective frequency basis in order to get an audio signal. 3. Speech compression and expansion for use in radio voice communication. 4. Speech recognition. 5. Signal analysis. 6. Image processing: filtering, edge effects, enhancement. 7....