Detailed Analysis of Power Plant Equipments

Topics: Nuclear power, World energy resources and consumption, Energy development Pages: 21 (5971 words) Published: October 11, 2011

Detailed Analysis of Power Plant Equipments (Power Sector)


Submitted By KAMALAKKANNAN G Section – B

The successful completion of any task would be incomplete without mentioning the names of the persons who helped to make it possible. I take this opportunity to express my gratitude in a few words to all those who helped me in the completion of this project. I convey my sincere thanks to Prof. R. Sathyanarayanan for giving this opportunity to have such a detailed study about Power Sector. I express my sincere thanks and deep sense of gratitude to my friends for giving timely advice in all the aspects for the success of this project work.


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Executive Summery


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Introduction to Power Sector Power Sector in India Power Sector Impacts on Environment Analysis of Power Sector Study of Selected Companies a) BHEL





Availability of power is one of the important ingredients for industrial growth. It is an important infrastructure facility without which no industrial activity can be thought of in modern times. Increasing automation of Indian industries has created huge demand of power in India. This huge demand has resulted into demand supply gap in India in recent times. This report gives an extensive study of Power Sector. Analysis of the power sector by PORTER’s Five Force Model and through SWOT analysis gives the direction of the sector. Environmental impact of the sector is discussed. The PORTER’s five forces analysis, SWOT analysis are used to analyze the industry of power sector. The various analyses show that there has been a continuous growth in generation and consumption of power in India. World electricity generation rose at an average annual rate of 3.7% from 1971 to 2004, greater than the 2.1% growth in total primary energy supply. Total world consumption of marketed energy is projected to increase by 50 percent from 2005 to 2030.


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The energy required to support our economies and lifestyles provides tremendous convenience and benefits. Energy consumption is reportedly higher in countries where less than 5 % of the population lives below the poverty line than it is in countries where most people live in poverty -- four times higher. For example, Americans make up less than 5 % of the world’s population yet consume 26 % of the world’s energy. World electricity generation rose at an average annual rate of 3.7% from 1971 to 2004, greater than the 2.1% growth in total primary energy supply. This increase was largely due to more electrical appliances, development of electrical heating in several developed countries and rural electrification programmes in developing countries. De-regulation in areas of the global energy markets has led to fierce competition. Now more than ever electricity has to be produced at a lower cost with many countries imposing ever tightening environmental legislation to reduce the impact power generation has on the environment. The enormous challenges are recognised in providing electricity as efficiently as possible and strive to develop technology to meet your needs. Collectively, developing countries use 30% of the world's energy, but with projected population and economic growth in those markets, energy demands are expected to rise 95 %. Overall global consumption is expected to rise 50 % from 2005 to 2030. World energy consumption is projected to expand by 50% from 2005 to 2030 in the IEO2008 reference case projection. Although high prices for oil and natural gas, which are expected to continue throughout the period, are likely to slow the growth of energy demand in the long term, world energy consumption is projected to continue increasing strongly as a...
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