There are many abnormal psychological disorders in the DSM-IV along with various treatment options for them. The American Psychological Association’s (APA) lists that these types of disorders are genetic and learned. The main focus is of one of the possible treatments for the Axis II disorder known as borderline personality disorder (BPD) and that is Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT). Through a discovery of its usefulness for individuals with this disorder, the defining data will either prove or disprove DBT as a viable treatment for BPD. By focusing on BPD as a known learned disorder we find that the discovery of which patients benefit from this certain type of treatment is important. Exploring if this treatment eases the existing symptoms of BPD is necessary and so is finding if there are some, who do not benefit from this treatment or find ease from it. We will discuss borderline personality disorder, the symptoms, and typical treatments. Research Question
The goal of our experiment is to find out which treatment is most effective. The two treatments we are administering will be Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy. Which one is most effective? Are they the same? Should they both be utilized? Do some people benefit from one therapy, while others benefit from another? Let’s form a hypothesis, and try to find some answers. Hypotheses
With this research question poised, there are 2 hypotheses to look at: the null and alternative. The null hypothesis is that there is no difference in the effectiveness of DBT versus cognitive therapy in treating borderline personality disorder. The alternative hypothesis is that DBT is more effective than cognitive therapy in treating borderline personality disorder. Let us look at some background information regarding BPD and DBT. Literature Review
Borderline Personality Disorder is a mental illness that affects about 75 percent of women during adolescence of early adulthood (Proctor, 2010). BPD is traditionally known for displaying patterns of emotional instability, impulsive behavior, a distorted self-image, and unstable relationships. (Kivi, 2012). We will discuss causes, diagnosis, and treatments for individuals that have BPD. The exact cause of BPD is still unknown; however, there have been a few links to show which individuals would be at risk for this illness. Researchers believe that genetics, serotonin abnormality, and a person’s environment play a part with developing BPD. If someone in the family has been diagnosed with BPD the risk increases for all family members. If there is a decrease in the amount of serotonin the body produces, a person might become susceptible to develop BPD. If someone was exposed to an abusive, unstable, or neglected environment at an early age that could be a potential risk factor for emotional disorders such as BPD. Diagnosis of BPD comes from a provider with a questionnaire based on the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, you must meet at least five of the following criteria to be diagnosed with BPD: have a family member diagnosed with BPD, felt emotionally unstable or emotionally vulnerable as a child, people in your household were impulsive when you were a child, you were emotionally abused as a child Unstable and impulsive behaviors are displayed, intense interpersonal relationships veering between idealization and devaluation affective instability and reactivity of mood inappropriate intense anger frantic efforts to avoid abandonment, identity disturbance; unstable self-image suicidal and self-mutilating behaviors chronic feelings of emptiness or transient stress-related paranoid ideas (Kivi, 2012). After a diagnosis is made, treatment options are presented and discussed. Treatment options can vary from person to person based on their level of BPD and can include psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical...