Defamation Ordinance

English defamation law, Defamation, State court (United States)


F. No. 2(1) 2002- Pub. --- The following Ordinance promulgated by the President is hereby published for general information: -ORDINANCE NO. LVI OF 2OO2 AN ORDINANCE To make provisions in respect of defamation WHEREAS it is expedient to make provisions in respect of defamation and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto; AND WHEREAS, the President is satisfied that circumstances exist which render it necessary to take immediate action; NOW, THEREFORE, in pursuance of the Proclamation of Emergency of the fourteenth day of October, 1999, and the Provisional Constitution Order No. 1 of 1999, read with the Provisional Constitutional (Amendment) Order No. 9 of 1999, and in exercise of all powers enabling him in that behalf, the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is pleased to make and promulgate the following Ordinance; 1. Short title, extent and commencement. – (1) This ordinance may be called the Defamation Ordinance, 2002. (2) (3) It extends to the whole of Pakistan. It shall come into force at once.

2. Definitions. – In this Ordinance, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context, (a) (b) “author” means the originator of the statement; “broadcasting” means the dissemination of writing, signs, signals, pictures and sounds of all kind, including any electronic device, intended to be received by the pubic either directly or through the medium of relay stations, by means of, (i) a form of wireless radio-electric communication utilizing Hertzian waves, including radiotelegraph and radiotelephone, or cables, computer, wires, fiber-optic linkages or laser beams, and “broadcast” has a corresponding meaning;



“Editor” means a person or operator having editorial or equivalent responsibility for the content of the statement or the decision to publish or circulate it; “newspaper” means a paper containing public news, intelligence or occurrences or remarks or observations or containing...
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