Understanding Libel Quiz

Topics: Defamation, New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, Tort Pages: 6 (1364 words) Published: March 10, 2013
1. The BG News publishes an article that says the journalism department in the School of Communication Studies arbitrarily decides which professors will get merit raises and fails to keep good accounting records of department expenses. The department decides to sue the BG News for libel. An important element of the case will be: 1. Whether the department is large enough for the professors to be identified in connection with the defamation.

2. Whether Dr. Ekstrand deserves the biggest raise.
3. Whether the article was published.
4. Whether the department is small enough for the professors to be identified in connection with the defamation.

2. Which of the following statements about a libel suit brought against an Ohio television station is accurate?
1. there can be no libel without proving fault
2. a public official plaintiff bears the burden of proof of fault 3. broadcast stories are subject to the same rules regarding libel law as newspapers
4. all the above

3. The statute of limitations for libel suits in Ohio is
1. ten years
2. two years
3. five years
4. one year

4. In most cases, the plaintiff has to prove falsity of the statements made about him in a libel suit. The only exception to this is when:
1. The defamation is not about a public controversy.
2. The defamation is about a public controversy.
3. The defendant assumes the responsibility for proving truth.
4. A judge believes that the defendant should prove truth.

5. A defendant in a libel case MUST prove all of the following EXCEPT:
1. Truth
2. Opinion
3. Fair Report
4. The defendant isn’t required to prove anything. He has, however, a series of defenses available to him in a libel case.

6. In Gertz v. Robert Welch (1974), the U.S. Supreme Court established that private person libel plaintiffs must
1. prove strict liability
2. prove actual malice
3. prove a standard of fault to be determined by the states, usually negligence
4. prove there is a public controversy

7. Hustler v. Falwell stands as a case that ESPECIALLY protects the work of:
1. NBC Nightly News
2. The Jon Stewart Show
3. ESPN Sportscenter
4. Internet bloggers

8. In deciding what is defamatory, the question is
1. What does the judge think is defamatory?
2. What do the media think is defamatory?
3. What does the jury think the "ordinary man" thinks is defamatory?
4. What might disturb children?

9. In Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co. (1990), the U.S. Supreme Court explained that:
1. it is no longer safe to write columns and editorials
2. the common law defense of fair comment and criticism is of no importance to journalists 3. Statements of opinion that are incapable of being proven true or false are protected by the First Amendment 4. none of the above

10. In libel law, a public controversy is defined as
1. an issue of public interest
2. an issue of public concern
3. a real dispute the outcome of which affects a substantial number of people
4. all of the above

11. To be a vortex public figure, a libel plaintiff must:
1. be well-known in the community
2. have voluntarily participated in a public controversy
3. be running for public office
4. be doing his or her job

12. A student tells a BG-24 reporter that Dr. Kathy Bradshaw sells drugs. The student’s statement is not true. The reporter puts the student’s statement on the BG-24 newscast. The news program: 1. has republished a defamatory statement

2. has accurately reported what the student said, and therefore cannot lose a libel suit 3. can be shown to have published the student’s statement only if Dr. Bradshaw has a significant and respectable minority of the community testify that it saw the cable television newscast 4. can be shown to have libeled the professor only if the professor can prove that several people reasonably believed the charge to be about her...
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