Topic: Why sugar substitutes are dangerous for your health
Specific Purpose: To persuade the audience that sugar substitutes aren’t really what the general public think they are and can be potentially unsafe for your body
Thesis: Overall, recent studies have shown that sugar substitutes isn’t and can cause potential health problems.
I. How many times have you gone to the condiment bar of an eating establishment and reached for the Splenda or Sweet N Low because you are on a diet and you think that real sugar will add a few pounds. (Attention Getter)
II. Since I work in the food industry, this debate whether sugar substitutes are really that much better for you than real sugar is something that has sparked my interest for a while now and I have been doing extensive research (Credibility)
III. “Low–sugar” is the successor to the “low–carb” craze, even though they are essentially the same thing and according to the New York Times, by the end of this summer 11% of the food items on supermarket shelves will be labeled “reduced sugar”. Also, Sales in granulated sugar have dropped four percent in the past six months and this is due to the new reliance on products like Splenda. A recent study has shown that 84% of Americans use sugar substitutes daily. (relevance)
IV. Overall, recent studies have shown that sugar substitutes are no better for your body then real sugar and can cause potential health problems (Thesis)
V. Today we will investigate these products and the real dangers that could potentially lie inside those bright little packages (Preview)
Transition: So lets jump right into this bitter debate about sweeteners
I. The market contains a plethora of sugar-free products for diabetics: sugar-free puddings, yogurts, desserts, diet sodas, iced-teas, drinks, and more. But are they really “free” and cause you not to gain weight?
A. Many diet programs and health-care professionals highly advocate the use of these sweeteners (and foods containing them) to decrease the amount of sugar and calories a person takes in, and lower blood sugar levels. What is interesting, however, is that the longer these sweeteners have been around, the more obese our nation has become.
B. The reason is this: when you consume alternative sweeteners, you are trying to fool your body. But you can’t. The body knows that what you are giving it is fake, so instead of being satisfied, it continues to give the signal that it wants to consume something sweet, compounding cravings someone might naturally experience.
C. In 2008, a study was published in the journal Circulation which followed the health status of 9,500 men and women, ages 45-64, over a period of nine years. The researchers found that the typical Western diet increased levels of metabolic syndrome or insulin resistance. The most surprising results of the study linked drinking a diet soda each day to a 34% increased risk for metabolic syndrome compared to those who drank none (Circulation)
D. In a series of experiments, scientists at Purdue University published a study in Behavioral Neuroscience compared rats fed regular feed and yogurt sweetened with saccharin to rats that ate regular feed and yogurt sweetened with regular sugar. The rats who ate the feed and the saccharin-sweetened yogurt took in 20 percent more calories than the rats consuming regular feed and yogurt sweetened with sugar, and they also gained body fat. Researchers have theorized that taking in large amounts of non-nutritive sweeteners over time conditions the body not to associate sweetness with calories, which can then disrupt the body’s ability to assess caloric intake accurately and lead to overeating. It expects something sweet and therefore continues to send the craving signal until it is satisfied with real sugars (Time).
E. Even though the study was don’t done on humans, This study have been the...
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