1.1 Explain the factors that need to be taken into account when assessing development. 1.3 Explain the selection of the assessment methods used
Assessing children and young people's needs has to be done sensitively and accurately. There are a number of factors to be considered.
* Confidentiality and consent
* Children's wishes and feelings
* Ethnic, linguistic and cultural background
* Disability or specific requirements
* Reliability of information
* Avoiding bias
* Open and closed recording methods
* Mixing methods of observation, technique, ways of collection When assessing a child you must be careful to take into account confidentiality before carrying out an observation you must have parents and the settings permission and not to leave confidential material lying around they must be secured in a locked cabinet. Only talk to authorized personal about confidential material. This confidentially can only be broken when a child is at real risk. When carrying out observations you must take account of the child’s wishes and feelings if a child is upset or wants you to stop then you must stop. Ethnic, cultural and linguistic backgrounds when we asses a child we must take account as these can play important roles in how the children acts and the understanding of the words being used. Disability or specific requirements need to be taken in account when carrying out any assessment /observation or a child can be underestimated and the observation will be unreliable. Reliability of information no one can get an accurate picture of development if the information is not accurate this can harm the child’s development and the underestimating of their potential. With observation we must understand the limitations of each type of observation method. Avoiding bias when observing children we must remain completely objective also having 2 people observing the child at the same time can produce a more accurate account. I think it’s really important to observe a child in a range of different context and environments, in order to gain a holistic picture of their abilities and needs. This would be at home or in their education setting. Observing them individually, within a quiet environment but also in a larger group to see how they cope with other children. Also observing them within a free play activity is to see if they can move themselves around different activities or get stuck in one place. We can observe their natural interests, the social communication, understanding of language, eating and drinking and their fine and gross motor skills, sensory skills, behaviour. Observations should document what the child has achieved - not what they have failed to do. Some practitioners prefer to make observational notes in a notebook and to organize these into written observations later. This system can offer a valuable opportunity for reflection. However, practitioners should guard against spending long periods rewriting large amounts of material. Short observations recorded straight onto white sticky labels are easily transferred into individual profiles and can save a lot of time. An observation format may include sections such as:
* Name: This should include the surname where first names are duplicated in the setting; * Date: Day, month and year. It may also be appropriate to include the time or duration; * Context: Adult-led? Child-initiated? Independent? Working with/alongside other children? Which area of provision? * Key area of learning;
* Adult's observation;
* Child’s comments - these can offer a very useful, further insight into learning. Observations of child development can be recorded in:
* Written records to record details of what the child does and says, and more importantly how the child does and says things. * Audio tape recordings to record details of spoken language, tone of voice and other sounds....