European Heart Journal (2012) 33, 1635–1701 doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehs092
JOINT ESC GUIDELINES
European Guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice (version 2012) The Fifth Joint Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Other Societies on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Clinical Practice (constituted by representatives of nine societies and by invited experts) Developed with the special contribution of the European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation (EACPR)† Authors/Task Force Members: Joep Perk (Chairperson) (Sweden)*, Guy De Backer 1 ˇ (Belgium), Helmut Gohlke1 (Germany), Ian Graham 1 (Ireland), Zeljko Reiner 2 (Croatia), W.M. Monique Verschuren1 (The Netherlands), Christian Albus 3 (Germany), Pascale Benlian 1 (France), Gudrun Boysen 4 (Denmark), Renata Cifkova 5 (Czech Republic), Christi Deaton 1 (UK), Shah Ebrahim 1 (UK), Miles Fisher 6 (UK), Giuseppe Germano 1 (Italy), Richard Hobbs 1,7 (UK), Arno Hoes 7 (The Netherlands), Sehnaz Karadeniz 8 (Turkey), Alessandro Mezzani 1 (Italy), Eva Prescott 1 (Denmark), ¨nne9 (Finland), Lars Ryden 1 (Sweden), Martin Scherer 7 (Germany), Mikko Syva Wilma J.M. Scholte Op Reimer 1 (The Netherlands), Christiaan Vrints 1 (Belgium), David Wood 1 (UK), Jose Luis Zamorano1 (Spain), Faiez Zannad 1 (France). Other experts who contributed to parts of the guidelines: Marie Therese Cooney (Ireland). ESC Committee for Practice Guidelines (CPG): Jeroen Bax (Chairman) (The Netherlands), Helmut Baumgartner (Germany), Claudio Ceconi (Italy), Veronica Dean (France), Christi Deaton (UK), Robert Fagard (Belgium), Christian Funck-Brentano (France), David Hasdai (Israel), Arno Hoes (The Netherlands), Paulus Kirchhof (Germany), Juhani Knuuti (Finland), Philippe Kolh (Belgium), Theresa McDonagh (UK), Cyril Moulin (France), ˇ Bogdan A. Popescu (Romania), Zeljko Reiner (Croatia), Udo Sechtem (Germany), Per Anton Sirnes (Norway), Michal Tendera (Poland), Adam Torbicki (Poland), Alec Vahanian (France), Stephan Windecker (Switzerland). Document Reviewers: Christian Funck-Brentano (CPG Review Coordinator) (France), Per Anton Sirnes (CPG Review Coordinator) (Norway), Victor Aboyans (France), Eduardo Alegria Ezquerra (Spain), Colin Baigent (UK), * Corresponding author: Joep Perk, School of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Stagneliusgatan 14, SE-391 82 Kalmar, Sweden. Tel: +46 70 3445096, Fax: +46 491 782 643, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org †
Other ESC entities having participated in the development of this document: Associations: European Association of Echocardiography (EAE), European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI), European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), Heart Failure Association (HFA) Working Groups: Acute Cardiac Care, e-Cardiology, Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Drug Therapy, Hypertension and the Heart Councils: Basic Cardiovascular Science, Cardiology Practice, Cardiovascular Imaging, Cardiovascular Nursing and Allied Professions, Cardiovascular Primary Care The content of these European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines has been published for personal and educational use only. No commercial use is authorized. No part of the ESC Guidelines may be translated or reproduced in any form without written permission from the ESC. Permission can be obtained upon submission of a written request to Oxford University Press, the publisher of the European Heart Journal and the party authorized to handle such permissions on behalf of the ESC. Disclaimer. The ESC Guidelines represent the views of the ESC and were arrived at after careful consideration of the available evidence at the time they were written. Health professionals are encouraged to take them fully into account when exercising their clinical judgement. The guidelines do not, however, override the individual responsibility of health professionals to make appropriate decisions in the circumstances of the individual patients, in...
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