Cuases & Impact of Rural - Urban Migration from District Swabi to Peshawar

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abstract

MIGRATION IS THE MOVEMENT OF HUMAN FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER. THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF MIGRATION. ONE IS EXTERNAL MIGRATION AND OTHER IS INTERNAL MIGRATION. MIGRATION OF PEOPLE FROM RURAL AREA TO URBAN AREA IS INTERNAL MIGRATION. AS A RESEARCHER WE HAVE TRIED TO EVALUATE CAUSES AND IMPACT OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION FROM SWABI TO PESHAWAR. THE RESEARCH IS CONDUCTED UNDER THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVES: (I) TO KNOW ABOUT VARIOUS SOCIO-ECONOMIC CAUSES OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION. (II) TO HIGHLIGHT POLITICAL REASONS AND (III) TO FIND OUT ITS PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT. FOR DATA COLLECTION 40 RESPONDENTS WERE SELECTED ON RANDOM SAMPLING METHOD. QUESTIONNAIRE WAS USED AS A TOOL OF DATA COLLECTION. THE STUDY SHOWS THAT RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION CAUSED DUE TO ‘PUSH AND PULL FACTORS’. ALONG WITH THE CAUSES, RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION HAS ITS IMPACT ON HOST COMMUNITY. SOME OF THE SUGGESTIONS ARE GIVEN IN THE END FOR STOPPING RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION FROM SWABI TO PESHAWAR.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

THE RESEARCHERS HAVE NO WORDS TO EXPRESS THEIR DEEPEST SENSE OF GRATITUDE TO ALMIGHTY ALLAH, WHO IS THE CREATOR OF THIS UNIVERSE, THE IRRESISTIBLE AND SUPREME, AND GUARDIAN OF FAITHS AND WHOSE COUNTLESS BLESSINGS ENABLE US TO COMPLETE OUR RESEARCH STUDY SUCCESSFULLY.

CONTENTS
Abstracti
Acknowledgementsii
List of Tablesv
CHAPTER –11
INTRODUCTION1
1.1Background:1
1.2Statement of the Problem:2
1.3Objectives3
1.4Significance of the Study4
1.5Organization of the Research Thesis:5
CHAPTER-26
LITERATURE REVIEW6
Section–A:Conceptual Aspect of the Study6
2.1History of Human Migration:6
2.2Migration:8
2.3Theories of Migration:9
2.4Types of Migration:11
2.5Rural-Urban Migration:12
2.6Rural Urban Migration In Pakistan:12
2.7The Rising Rural-Urban Migration:13
2.7Causes and Impact of Rural-Urban Migration:16
2.8Causes of Rural-Urban Migration:16
2.9Push and Pull Factors of Rural-Urban Migration:17
2.9.1Push Factors18
2.9.2Pull Factors18
2.10Impact of Rural-Urban Migration:19
2.11Major Problems due to Rural-Urban Migration:20
Section-B: Related Reviews22
Section-C:Area Profile of District Swabi31
2.12Geographical Sketch:31
2.13Social Setup:32
2.14General and Reproductive Health Facilities:32
2.15Educational Facilities:33
2.16Historical Places:33
CHAPTER-334
RESEARCH DESIGN34
3.1Title:34
3.2Purpose:34
3.3Universe:34
3.4Scope:34
3.5Methodology:34
3.5.1Sampling35
3.5.2Tools of Data Collection:35
3.5.3Pre-Testing35
3.5.4Data Analysis:35
3.6Duration of the Study:35
CHAPTER-436
TABULATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA36
CHAPTER-570
FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS70
5.1Findings:70
5.2Conclusion73
5.3Suggestions74
Annexure77
Questionnaire77
References84

List of tables

TABLE-1:AGE, SEX AND EDUCATION.36
Table-2:Occupation.38
Table-3:Marital status and family type.39
Table-4:Knowledge about rural-urban migration and its specification.40 Table-5:Unavailability of resources and those sources which are insufficient.41 Table-6:Lack of facilities and basic facilities.42

Table-7:Attraction towards social environment and better social environment.43 Table-8:City charm inspiration and city charm venues.44
Table-9:Political reasons and political elements.45
Table-10:Psychological aspect and its specification.46
Table-11:Natural disaster.47
Table-13:War or terrorism.49
Table-14:Welcome happily and behaviour.50
Table-15:Effect on social life and its specification.51
Table-16:Change in family organization.52
Table-17:Social stratification.53
Table-18:Civic facilities minimized.54
Table-19:Recreational places are overcrowded.55
Table-20:Patterns of ceremonies effected and its specification.56 Table-21:Change urban life.57
Table-22:Administrative problems.58
Table-23:System of education and educational set up.59
Table-24:Price hike due to migrants and its specification.60...
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