Sunday, September 27, 2009
SHOULD BRAIN DRAIN BE BANNED
The term "brain drain" refers to the movement of highly educated people from their respective countries to other countries looking for green pasture. It refers to the movement of intellectuals like University lecturers and researchers from one national setting to another, ranging from permanent relocation to short-term visits or exchange programs, facilitates the dissemination of knowledge and the broadening of cultural horizons. However, when one nation becomes a substantial net exporter of academic talent, a "brain drain" condition is said to occur. The presence of this condition suggests that the provider nation is at risk of depleting its natural supply of intellectual talent. Education seems to play a key role influencing rural-urban migration in the developing countries. Numbers of studies of migration in many countries have documented the positive relationship between the educational accomplishment of an individual and his or her interest to migrate from rural to urban areas. Education also plays a big role in the growing problems of international migration of high level educated individuals from poor countries to the rich ones causing the so called Brain Drain to the poor countries. Scientists, eingineers, academics and physicians who have been trained with scarcely available resources at social cost in their home countries for the benefits and growth of their nation. However, this has simply left helplessness to the concerned institutions and countries of the south that have been loosing thousands of their highly educated workers for the benefits of the rich countries and individuals themselves. The author divides international emigrants roughly into 3 major CATAGORIES:
1.Emigrants due to lack of employment and low salaries, and thus people are tempted to look for better salaries elsewhere - here, we talk about Economic factors. 2.The second cause of migration is political instability in home countries, thus they loose confidence to their governments and future prospects for a better life. These are individuals who may have difficulties because of their ethinic, cultural, religional belongings or being a member of opposition political groupings in their home countries, - Migration taking place in response to wars, and political and social turmoil. 3.Many scholars who have been sent abroad for further studies or who are once out in one way or another, remain abroad leaving their family and workplace behind with the hope that a better life can be achieved elsewhere, despite their well being at home. Expectations are usually not met as hopped; thus, obliged to seek asylum which deteriorates their lives and becomes `ashamed` of themselves to return home empty handed - Immigration flow due to lack of information and misguidance. CAUSE OF BRAIN DRAIN IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES:
Brain drain or human capital flight is a large emigration of individuals with technical skills or knowledge, normally due to conflict, lack of opportunity, political instability, or health risks. Brain drain is usually regarded as an economic cost, since emigrants usually take with them the fraction of value of their training sponsored by the government. It is a parallel of capital flight which refers to the same movement of financial capital. The term was coined by the Royal Society to describe the emigration of "scientists and technologists" to North America from post-war Europe. The converse phenomenon is brain gain, which occurs when there is a large-scale immigration of technically qualified persons. Brain drain can be stopped by providing individuals who have expertise with career opportunities and giving them opportunities to prove their capabilities. Brain drains are common amongst developing nations, such as the former colonies of Africa, the island nations of the Caribbean, and particularly in centralized economies such as former East...
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