Critique one or two contemporary psychotherapeutic applications of Buddhist ideas and methods. Paying attention to their sources and origins, fidelity to those sources, variances from Buddhist perspectives, and their efficacy and outcomes.(2,500 words)
This assignment will look at the contemporary psychotherapeutic applications of the Buddhist ideas and methods of cultivating Equanimity through Mindfulness Practice. It will look at their sources and origin in the Buddhist teaching, fidelity to these sources, its variances from the Buddhist practice and lastly their efficacy and outcomes.
Cultivating Equanimity through Mindfulness Practice
Indeed, the sage who’s fully quenched
Rests at ease in every way;
No sense desire adheres to him or her
Whose fires have cooled, deprived of fuel.
All attachments have been severed,
The heart’s been led away from pain;
Tranquil, he or she rests with utmost ease.
The mind has found its way to peace
Equanimity - Buddhist Origin
One of the four Brahmaviharas (Divine Abodes)
- Loving Kindness
- Sympathetic Joy
Equanimity is a perfect, unshakable balance of mind. - Nyanaponika Thera With Equanimity, you can deal with situations with calm and reason while keeping your inner happiness. - The Dalai Lama
Equanimity – psychotherapeutic notion
Balanced, Steady, Present
Balanced: not reacting to fleeting experiences
Steady: Sustained through all circumstances
Present: Engaged with the world but not troubled by it. Guided by values, not reactions. (Rick Hanson) Mindfulness –Buddhist Origin
The Noble Eightfold Path (atthanagika-magga):
1.Clear view or understanding.
2.Skillful aspiration, Intention or thought.
Lifestyle or Ethics
3. Helpful speech.
4. Skillful action
5. Appropriate livelihood
6. Balanced effort or energy
7. Right mindfulness
8. Right Concentration
Mindfulness, then, is the unfailing master key for knowing the mind, and is thus the starting point; the perfect tool for shaping the mind, and is thus the focal point; the lofty manifestation of the achieved freedom of the mind, and is thus then culminating point. –Thera (1962)
Mindfulness- psychotherapeutic notion
Mindfulness (Paying attention):
In the present moment
Non-judgmental (acceptance, curiosity, kindness)
Sources and Origins of Cultivating Equanimity through Mindfulness
“Bhikkus, there is a most wonderful way to help living beings realize purification, overcome directly grief and sorrow, end pain and anxiety, travel the right path, and realize nirvana. This way is the Four Establishment of Mindfulness.” –The Buddha
The Sutra on the Four Establishments of Mindfulness
1. “Bhikkuhus, a practitioner remains established in the observation of the body in the body, diligent, with clear understanding, mindful, having abandoned every craving and every distaste for this life 2. “He remains established in the observation of the feelings in the feelings, diligent, with clear understanding, mindful having abandoned every craving and every distaste for this life 3. “ He remains established in the observation of the mind in the mind, diligent, with clear understanding, mindful having abandoned every craving and every distaste for this life 4. “He remains established in the observation of the objects of the mind in the objects of mind, diligent, with clear understanding, mindful having abandoned every craving and every distaste for this life
Contemporary psychotherapeutic applications
The Four Foundations of Mindfulness in Psychotherapy
1. Body experience (Body scan, breath, movement, walking, tasting, hearing, seeing, daily activities) 2. Hedonic tone (exploring how we are moved: pleasant, unpleasant, neutral) 3. Mind states (Thoughts and emotions)
4. Phenomena (Open awareness, unfolding experience, the truth of “how things...