Critical Thinking & Academic Writing

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CRITICAL THINKING AND ACADEMIC WRITING

Question: Explain how you would apply Critical Thinking Skills in reading and writing as a student of Health Care.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CONTENTSPAGE
1.0INTRODUCTION1
2.0Application of Critical Thinking Skills in reading
and writing as a student of Health care5
2.1Interpretation6
2.2Analysis6
2.3Evaluation7
2.4Inference8
2.5Explanation8
2.6Self-Regulation9
3.0Conclusion10
References11

INTRODUCTION
Thinking critically is thinking carefully with clarity, depth, precision, accuracy and logic. It is a process of thinking in a certain way, with accuracy and precision, of thinking carefully, with logic and depth, and of thinking with clarity and open-mindedness, by examining points of view and acknowledging assumptions and bases within a given viewpoint. This process takes training, patience and practice, but it is possible. According to Socrates, “we should think critically about the world around us, challenging the commonsense assumptions that we use to justify claims to knowledge. The Socratic Method applies a question and answer dialogue of critical inquiry and analysis that exposes hidden prejudices, highlighting, faulty reasoning and bogus claims to authority.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Critical_thinking According to experts, “Critical thinking clarifies goals, examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, accomplishes actions and assess conclusions. Critical thinking is used in formulating workable solutions to complex personal issues, group deliberations or analysis of scientific methods and assumptions used in generating given hypothesis, or evaluate credibility of the source of knowledge on certain topics.”

DEFINITION OF CRITICAL THINKING
There are various definitions put forward by experts in the field of critical thinking that seek to expound on what is and how critical thinking is applied. According to, Michael Scriven and Richard Paul: "Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skilfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation,

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experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action. In its exemplary form, it is based on universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions: clarity, accuracy, precision, consistency, relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth, breadth, and fairness." Critical thinking has also been described as “reasonable reflective thinking focused on deciding what to believe or do.” It has also been described as "thinking about thinking." It has been described in more detail as "the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skilfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action" More recently, critical thinking has been described as "the process of purposeful, self-regulatory judgment, which uses reasoned consideration to evidence, context, conceptualizations, methods, and criteria." Within the philosophical frame, critical thinking is commonly understood to involve commitment to the social and political practice of participatory democracy, willingness to imagine or remain open to considering alternative perspectives, willingness to integrate new or revised perspectives into our ways of thinking and acting, and willingness to foster criticality in others. http://www.ehow.com/about_5068257_critical-thinking-skills-definition.html

BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON CRITICAL THINKING.
According to different experts, “critical thinking is a field of study in which students are asked to open their minds to criticize the writings of authors with their own opinions. Critical...
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