Criminal Justice Trends: Corrections
March 3, 2014
Criminal Justice Trends: Corrections
The relationship between the criminal justice system and society has always been up and down. Some individuals think that the system needs to be overhauled, and some that think the system is doing well and does not need to be replaced. In some areas of policing, policies have led to corruption and substandard policing practices. The first drastic change that we seen in the way the system was going to police the public placed all offenders behind bars. In today’s criminal justice system, with the increasing numbers of offenders, the system is going to have to find away to reduce the prison population. Modern day policing has implemented new policies that have changed the way the system handles offenders. These policy changes have led to a mixture of how policing should be conducted. Past trends of Corrections
In the beginning of the criminal justice system, the relationship between the police and the citizens was simple. Individuals who committed crimes in society got punished, offenders where locked way in prison and they were forgotten. According to Blakly and Bumphus, “It was during the reform era (beginning in the 1930s), under the direct tutelage of the Federal Bureau of Investigation that professionalism and technology began to become paramount” (1999, p. 1). A commission of America’s leaders in the criminal justice system from prosecuting attorneys, defense attorneys, state and federal judges, social workers, probation officers, prison administrators, and others occupied in the criminal justice was formed in 1929. The commission was appointed by President Herbert Hoover to address to discuss important issues facing the criminal justice system. The “National Commission on Law Observation and Enforcement”, or more widely named Wickersham Commission, for the commission’s first chairperson George W. Wickersham. With the enactment of the Eighteenth Amendment (Prohibition) in 1929, America had seen its first real increase in crime all over the country. This was the first challenge for the Wickersham commission to address. The first thing that the Wickersham commission did was to publish findings from every aspect of the criminal justice system. This finding dealt with the causes of crime, the policing practices, the prosecutorial actions, and the significance the probation and parole system. When the Wickersham reports were published, it was to no surprise to the public that the report had found many issues in the criminal justice system. The reports led to many police misconducts indictments all over the country. The indictments found that police actions to include willful infection of pain and suffering to suspects, brutality to suspects and corruption acts in many police departments throughout the country. This report led to police reform throughout the system all over America. The report also led to better treatment of criminal suspects and the plea actions of suspects. The Wickersham Commission reports found that there had been an increase in plea bargains from suspects all over the country, which led to less trial cases in those counties. This led the Wickersham Commission to question the ethics of the conduct of the police and prosecuting attorneys while obtaining these pleas. The Wickersham Commission was formed to fight the increased rates of crime due to prohibition and ended up reforming the criminal justice system across America. Present trends of Corrections
The current trend in the criminal justice system has placed great strain on the relationship of the criminal justice system and the citizens of this country. With policing policies and procedures such as "three strike laws" the overcrowding of the prisons in this country are at an all time high. According to Beck, Karberg, and Harrison an increase from 1464 to 1668 (14%) between 1995 and 2000 with the Federal...
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