Police Practices and Operations
Police Practices and Operations
To keep up with the criminal problems in society, functions and components of the criminal justice system has to evolve in order to be able to detect and keep up with growing trends in society. New laws need to be created to help keep up with the evolution and its new trends. In this paper the evaluation of past, present, and future trends that connect to societies and the components of the criminal justice system will be discussed. It will also assess the recent and future contemporary issues that affect the criminal justice system. The purpose of this paper is to show that the criminal justice system has a major role in an ever changing society. Recent and future trends have always and will always affect the criminal justice system. New trends in technology, law, terrorism, gender and diversity will always effect the functions of the criminal justice system. Technology in the 21st century is one of the legal issues that have caused controversy. New technology devices such as hand geometry biometrics and the use of retina and iris devices have the ability to gain information not only on people’s health but also their medical history as well. When it concerns the criminal justice system, many of these new technology devices are being used to detect drugs and concealed weapons that are sneaked into prison facilities. They help prevent illegal activities in the prison. In Australia, the correction system there uses the smart card technology which provides them with better security, efficiency and flexibility. The smart card allows assets to tracking inmates, staff monitoring, visitor tracking, and telemedicine (govtech.com). The smart card also controls the temperature and humidity in the prison facility, allowing for their comprehensive responsibilities to be managed. Due to overcrowding in correctional facilities since 1997, this technology is needed and will be needed in the future, it has become an integral part of the landscape of the criminal justice system (Muraskin, Roberts, 2009). The growing number of juveniles being incarcerated in adult prisons is another growing trend that society is facing in the 21st century. These juveniles are being transferred to the adult court system and placed in adult correctional institutions (Muraskin, Roberts, 2009). This is the time for policy makers to focus on the reason why juvenile delinquents behavior are so unstable while at the same time evaluate ways to reduce their delinquent acts. Globalization has made domestic problems reach national boundaries. This globalization has allowed gangs such as MS-13 to evolve into transnational crime syndicates that extend their pursuit of illegal activity outside national borders. It is predicted that in the future without successful alternatives for the youth, social and poor economic conditions will continue to grow which will make the idea of joining a gang look glamorous to juveniles. Changes have to be made to help educate these juveniles so that they don’t filter into adult prisons and become a part of the problem. In the past the juvenile justice system was once considered to be a place to reform youth. Now that more and more juvenile are being transferred into adult prisons greater demand are being place on correctional institutions. It is predicted in the future that urban terrorism from aggressive gangs will be a greater threat to American society than foreign terrorist. This is why new techniques in the criminal justice system have to evolve in order to keep up with the social changes in society. According to Muraskin and Roberts (2009), the composition of the United States Supreme Courts shifted during the first part of the century and it has to continue to shift in order to play major role as well as keep focus on the first Ten Amendments to the Constitution. Evidence has shown that courts are moving...
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