Topics: Police, Crime, Law enforcement Pages: 5 (1757 words) Published: December 12, 2012
Problem Identification
The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 was created to solve the problem of high crime. To deal with the crime problem in our nation, there must be a balance approach between getting tough on the hard-core violent offenders, and prevention and treatment for nonviolent offenders, all within the context of punishment. The major crimes that were going on in 1994 were the war on drugs, gun violence, and juvenile violence(book, pg.470). It was suggested that police pay more attention to low level crimes to prevent higher level crimes. The concept of police working with the community became the primary basis of the shift in policing practices. The police decided in order to take control of crime that they would have to start cracking down on minor crimes. This act was working and became a viable public policy on the national level. Today minor crimes are not as big as an issue as higher crimes. The federal government is trying to focus more on crimes related to terrorism, the budget, and putting more cops on the street. I believe that although the government has a point to focus a great deal on terrorism there is still the matter of criminal activity that does not have to deal with terrorism like gun control, robberies, murder, sexual assault, the budget issues and policing. The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement seemed to have been a good way to prevent crime. Although crime has gone down in America it is still a topic of concern among many Americans. The problem today is still crime, however it is also the budget crisis and trying to put more police on the streets. Agenda Setting

In agenda setting, decision makers must select issues that are recognized as a visible problem in the community that is needed to be deal with. Political actors such as: President, Congress, Interest Groups, the Media, and the Public all fight for there agenda to be deal with by Congress. An agenda is a collection of problems, understandings of causes, symbols, solutions, and other elements of public problems that come to the attention of members of the public and their governmental officials. Crime problems are always on the political agenda of both federal and state officials. In the 1994 Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act both Democrats and Republicans sought to fight crime. Democrats sought to fight crime by adding more community policing, supporting the death penalty, expand the use of juvenile programs for nonviolent offenders, usages of firearms, and fight the war on drugs. Republicans favored the proposal addition of one hundred thousand officers. It took a number of different actors to bring agenda. Executive bureaus, congressional committees, and interest groups would all play a part in drafting the propose bill. As the proposal for a crime bill,newspaper and television coverage of crime began to rise, as did the public concern over the issue. Kingdom policy streams fits well to illustrated crime bill. The three streams: the problem, the political, and the policy stream. The problem was crime. The political stream was both Democrats and republicans desiring to create a bill on crime but with different politic ideas, and this brought the policy steams to bear the problem.

Policy Formulation

The Violent crimes Act of 1994 was made in congress where the democratic and republican parties debated and edited the bill in order to pass it (book). The bill was brought up to “get tough on crime” and it did. The republican and democratic parties compromised on many issues and eventually came to a decision to pass the bill.

Seeing that violent crimes have been decreasing a few years now, it seems relevant to ask why. In our country’s current economic state it makes sense to take some cops of the street and save more tax dollars for other things like education and other social programs. President Barrack Obama and his democratic followers in the House of Representatives’ and...
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