CORRUPTION IN INDIA
-causes,concequences and cures
Govt. Arts College
Objectives of this paper: To Identify causes,concequences and cures of Coorupition in India
To analyze the
1. Causes of corruption
2. Consequences of corruption
3. Cures for corruption
Socpe and relevancy of this paper:
The allegations of corruption and the peoples movement against corruption is one of the most debated topic in the last one year. The nationwide appraising for irradication of corruption from our democratic system, under the leadership of Anna Hazzare ,had already attracted the attention of government and international media. The latest sitituation is that the central government has been forced to reintroduce the LOK-pal bill , which has previously been unsuccessfull introduced 8 times in between 1968 and 2008. A strong lokpal bill is the n ned of the hour, as many of our cabinet ranked ministers are in the shadow or behind the bars on corruption charges. Accontability and transperancy are the pillars of every successful democracy.
What is corruption?
As one of the oldest and most perplexing phenomenon in human society, political corruption exist in every country in the contemporary world and it is not exclusively a problem of developing countries. The classical concept of corruption as a general disease of the body politics was stated by ancient political philosophers Plato and Aristotle. Corruption is deviant behavior associated with a particular motivation, namely that of private gain at public expense or corruption is seen as the use of public office for private advantage.
STATUS OF CORRUPTION IN INDIA:
There is no denying the fact that there is widespread corruption in India. Petty corruption which affects the basic rights and services of the common man is highly rampant besides the grand corruption scandals which break out every now and then. A report on bribery in India published by Trace International in January, 09 states that - 91% of the bribes were demanded by governmentt officials. - 77% of the bribes demanded were for avoiding harm rather than to gain any advantage. - Of these 51% were for timely delivery of services to which the individual was already entitled. Example, clearing customs or getting a telephone connection. Indian economy is 6th largest in the world and it fares pretty well in some of the global competitive indices. In terms of the strength of the financial institution, business sophistication and innovation, we are among the first 30 countries in the world, while in terms of corruption we are ranked 85th by the Corruption Perception Index of Transparency International. That means half of the countries of the world are less corrupt than India. The Transparency International’s Bribe Payer Index for 2008 ranks India in very poor position - 19th among 22 countries. This means that Indian firms are perceived by international business as highly likely to engage in bribery when doing business abroad. Most of the corruption as well as governance indicators show that there is little change in India’s position over the years.
Causes of corruption in India
There are many causes of corruption in India. Nexus between Bureaucracrats, Politician and criminals is the main cause of corruption in every country. Lack of ethical qualities and morality among administrators and politicians, complete lack of public corruption, illiteracy among people, poor economic infrastructure – all these are corruption to tighten grip over the people. Complex laws and procedures to eliminate corruption discourage the people for taking steps against corruption. Corruption prevailed at large scale during election times and votes are bought with the help of bribery. The main causes of corruption are generalised as:
1) Lack of effective management and organisation:
Due to mismanagement and disorganization, there is a...