Conversational Maxims

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  • Topic: Pragmatics, Implicature, Gricean maxims
  • Pages : 233 (47961 words )
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  • Published : December 14, 2012
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MASTER IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LINGUISTICS

MASTER DISSERTATION

THE ROLE OF CONVERSATIONAL MAXIMS,
IMPLICATURE AND PRESUPPOSITION IN THE
CREATION OF HUMOUR: AN ANALYSIS OF WOODY
ALLEN’S ANYTHING ELSE

Department of English Philology I, UCM
STUDENT: Ramiro Nieto Álvaro
TUTOR: Dr. Marta Begoña Carretero Lapeyre
Septiembre de 2011

1

TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABSTRACT........................................................................................................................4 1. Introduction..................................................................................................................... 5 1.1 Framework and outline................................................................................................5 1.2. Research hypothesis and aim of the study..................................................................6 1.3. Overview of the method............................................................................................. 7 1.4. Description of the data................................................................................................8 1.4.1. Plot and characters........................................................................................ 9 1.4.2. Film poster analysis......................................................................................... 10 1.5. Context and “double level” …...... ………………………………………………...15 2. Humour in Woody Allen’s Anything Else.............................................................. 17 2.1 What is humour?........................................................................................................17 2.1.1. The laughter..................................................................................................... 20 2.2. Humour vs. Comedy.................................................................................................22 2.3. Rhetorical Figures.....................................................................................................23 2.4. Humour in Woody Allen...........................................................................................27 2.4.1. Apollonian and Dionysian laughter................................................................ 27 2.4.2. Humour techniques and strategies in Woody Allen………………………….28 3. Implicature and Presupposition background.........................................................33 3.1 Observance of Grice’s maxims..................................................................................33 3.2. Non-observance of Grice’s maxims..........................................................................36 3.3. Properties of implicatures.........................................................................................41 3.4. A brief consideration of politeness........................................................................... 43 3.4.1. Politeness as an explanation for maxim non-observance............................... 45 2

3.5. Grice’s theory criticism.............................................................................................46 3.5.1. Limitations of Grice’s views............................................................................46 3.5.2. Levinson’s perspective.....................................................................................46 3.5.3. Attardo and the Cooperative Principle.............................................................48 3.6. Presupposition and its properties..............................................................................49 3.7. Presupposition and Conversational Implicature: the continuum..............................52 3.8. Conversational Analysis: turn, pair, sequence..........................................................53 4. Analysis of the humour resources............................................................................56 4.1. Presentation and method of...
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