Dominique R. Maddux-Jackson
Capella University COUN 5004: Research in Human Development for Professionals Professor: Cyndra Pilkington
Consultation and Advocacy
Advocacy is defined as a stress critical self-reflection on one’s personal relationship to oppression within the socio-political context of the mainstream or dominant culture. Advocate counselors consider the role that their profession plays within the dominant culture, using direct action to facilitate social change (Moe, Perera-Diltz, & Sepulveda, 2010). Consultation typically involves action on behalf of a client through interaction with another professional consultee or someone else involved in the client’s welfare (Moe, Perera-Diltz, & Sepulveda, 2010). Consultation is often used to conduct functional behavioral analysis, negotiating for resource access, and evaluating outcomes (Moe, Perera-Diltz, & Sepulveda, 2010). Both advocacy and consultation encourages counselors to act outside of the counselor/client interaction The two may overlap by using basic counseling skills, problem-solving skills, by acting on behalf of the clients, and contextualizing client or student issues as a practice for both (Moe, Perera-Diltz, & Sepulveda, 2010). Both advocacy and consultation can be looked at as being the same yet different. According to the article both consolation and advocacy encourages counselors to act outside of the client/counselor role. Both use basic counseling and problem solving skills and both act on behalf of the client. However, with advocacy you are taking action to promote change. This means the counselor going out into the community to promote change or speaking on behalf of the community/client. An advocate gets involved and does whatever it takes to make sure their client’s needs are met and understood. A consultant meets with other professionals to see what needs to be done in order to assist the client or their family. An advocate makes...