Cons and Pros of Cloning

Topics: Cloning, Human, Human cloning Pages: 6 (2008 words) Published: August 29, 2008
When most people think of cloning, they think of a scientist that uses DNA to make an exact replica of someone . Cloning is a lot more complicated and more controversial than that . According to the American Heritage Dictionary Cloning is defined as “A group of cells, or organism that is descended from and genetically identical to a common ancestor , such as a bacterial colony whose members arose from a single original cell . Ever since August,1,2001 Cloning had been banned .Cloning was banned for many different reasons, such as: any person can obtain extreme power, cloning defects and mutations for example a headless baby that was cloned, Ethical and religious reasons why cloning should be banned .Florida state representative Dave Weldon agrees to the cloning ban . “I don’t think there’s any way that you can prevent the creation of human clones without stopping it from the beginning .” (The Florida representative tells CNN) Cloning was banned because it can have either horrible or helpful results on our world . Cloning is equally bad or good . Cloning can help cure diseases, help with surgeries both plastic and medical .Cloning can cause severe defections ,and is wrong for a religious person because it is a way of playing God . Human Cloning can be both Destructive and Beneficent to the Human Race .

Cloning is to create an exact copy of an organism using Genetics . The first mammal that

was successfully cloned was a sheep named Dolly . Dolly was made by replacing the genes of a normal sheep egg with DNA took from an unknown sheep’s mammary gland that have been dead for years, putting the egg in the uterus of foster mother for full gestation .It took 277 attempts to clone Dolly . Dolly was born with a genetic abnormality . She had lung disease even before she was born .Dolly then died at the age of six , which is half the normal life expectancy for a sheep .

There are several different types of cloning . There is Embryo Twinning which is similar to the natural way to have twins . When an egg is fertilized it is put in a Petri dish and divided into eight cell embryos . The eight cells separate and eight clones are born . Another type of cloning is called The Roslin Technique. The Roslin Technique which was used to clone Dolly .The Roslin technique was developed by Ian Wilmut .In his first attempts to create clones from adult cells, this technique had one success out of 277 tries . The Rosalin Technique is a technique used to clone Adult animals . It requires two cells a donor cell and oocyte cell . Another technique used is the Honolulu technique . In the Honolulu technique , the nucleus from a somatic cell is removed and put into an egg that had its nucleus removed. The egg is bathed in a chemical solution and cultured. The developing embryo is planted into a surrogate and allowed to develop. Ever since August1,2001 there was a law passed to ban Human Cloning . If someone commits that crime they would have to serve 10 years in prison and pay a $1 million fine. It was voted on and to keep cloning banned won . The ratio of the vote was 265-162 .

Human Cloning can help the civilization that we live in numerous ways . Human

Cloning can help the cancer research tremendously . We can clone body parts for Transplants and Surgeries . Human Cloning can help reverse heart attacks and even their effects .Conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, diabetes, heart failure, degenerative joint disease, and other problems may be made curable if human cloning and its technology are not banned.

Because of human cloning and its technology we would not have to use silicone breast implants and other cosmetic procedures that may cause immune disease. With the new technology, instead of using materials not from us to the body for operations, doctors will be able to manufacture bone, fat, connective tissue, or cartilage that matches the patients tissues...
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