Cloning is to create an exact copy of an organism using Genetics . The first mammal that
was successfully cloned was a sheep named Dolly . Dolly was made by replacing the genes of a normal sheep egg with DNA took from an unknown sheep’s mammary gland that have been dead for years, putting the egg in the uterus of foster mother for full gestation .It took 277 attempts to clone Dolly . Dolly was born with a genetic abnormality . She had lung disease even before she was born .Dolly then died at the age of six , which is half the normal life expectancy for a sheep .
There are several different types of cloning . There is Embryo Twinning which is similar to the natural way to have twins . When an egg is fertilized it is put in a Petri dish and divided into eight cell embryos . The eight cells separate and eight clones are born . Another type of cloning is called The Roslin Technique. The Roslin Technique which was used to clone Dolly .The Roslin technique was developed by Ian Wilmut .In his first attempts to create clones from adult cells, this technique had one success out of 277 tries . The Rosalin Technique is a technique used to clone Adult animals . It requires two cells a donor cell and oocyte cell . Another technique used is the Honolulu technique . In the Honolulu technique , the nucleus from a somatic cell is removed and put into an egg that had its nucleus removed. The egg is bathed in a chemical solution and cultured. The developing embryo is planted into a surrogate and allowed to develop. Ever since August1,2001 there was a law passed to ban Human Cloning . If someone commits that crime they would have to serve 10 years in prison and pay a $1 million fine. It was voted on and to keep cloning banned won . The ratio of the vote was 265-162 .
Human Cloning can help the civilization that we live in numerous ways . Human
Cloning can help the cancer research tremendously . We can clone body parts for Transplants and Surgeries . Human Cloning can help reverse heart attacks and even their effects .Conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, diabetes, heart failure, degenerative joint disease, and other problems may be made curable if human cloning and its technology are not banned.
Because of human cloning and its technology we would not have to use silicone breast implants and other cosmetic procedures that may cause immune disease. With the new technology, instead of using materials not from us to the body for operations, doctors will be able to manufacture bone, fat, connective tissue, or cartilage that matches the patients tissues...