According to police statistics violent crimes have been decreasing, but there are still an increasing number of reports on sexual assault upon our women. Victims of these sexual assaults happen to be innocent victims- young, mature and elderly. It appears that predators of these sexual assaults are not limited to male. Some acts of rape have been perpetrated with the help of females, either as decoys or as participants in the acts. Rape, whether as an act of violent assault, or as a persuasive seduction of an underage person, is a frightening and traumatic thing, and victims are often emotionally scarred for life. In our society women are seen as an active, mobile and independent; crimes like rape, women can become a restrictive factor in the employment and mobility especially to single mothers. Women in today society now deals with the fear of being rape- sexual assault and battered in addition to the fear of being held up, kidnapped and robbed between their cars or front doors. We have a duty and an obligation to our women, our children and indeed even to our men, to end this scourge of rape and violence which is stalking our land. Quick detection and rapid conviction, if these were possible, would help in reducing this horrible crime. But ultimately we must seek to develop our society as a place where our women can go about their business without fear.
Crime is defined as any deviant act that breaks the law of the land. Deviance involves the breaking of social norms and is determined in a more informal manner. Crime is punishable by law, that is, by formal sanctions. Deviance on the other hand is punishable, by informal sanctions such as peer pressure, ridicule and media reporting. All criminal acts are considered deviant but not all deviant acts may be considered criminal. Acquaintance Rape (date rape) was not considered social deviance until fairly recently. “Women have been presumed to mean yes when they say no, and men were expected to “seduce” women through aggressive sexual behavior. Even now women who have been raped by someone they know may not think of it was rape. If they do, they may find that prosecuting the offender is difficult because other do not think it is as rape, especially under certain circumstances, such as the women being drunk. What is in fact rape may not be seen as such by everyone.” (adapted from Anderson, M.L. and Taylor, H.F. 2009).
Gender violence is the extreme application of social control. It may include physical force, also psychological, when it occurs in the form of direct harassment or implied terrorist threats. Gender Based Violence is violence that is directed at an individual based on her or his specific gender role in society. It can affect both genders. There are a number of common manifestations of gender based violence; such as domestic violence, rape, incest, sexual harassment and murder. Rape is a physical invasion of a sexual nature committed on a person under circumstances which are coercive. Types of rape can be categorized in different forms; such as: acquaintance rape, date rape, material rape, gang rape and statutory rape. Sexual assault can also be considered rape. Sexual assault is a non-consensual sexual activity; the absence of objection does not mean consent. Rape is also committed if the consent given is invalid the victim is below the age of consent (statutory rape) or has a mental impairment or development disability.
The psychological perspective can also be used to discuss the reasons in which an individual or group commit sexual assault. This perspective emphasis on the roles; of parenting, early childhood experiences and social learning contributing to in the production of deviant behaviour. This behaviour happens when an individual experience an emotional early childhood event that later manifest in adult behaviour. Moreover, the psychoanalytical perspective is another perspective that can...