Computers

Topics: Computer, Analog computer, Personal computer Pages: 4 (1277 words) Published: June 5, 2013
Function of digital computer
A typical digital computer system has four basic functional elements:  (1) input-output equipment.
(2) main memory.
(3) control unit.
(4) arithmetic-logic unit. 

Any of a number of devices is used to enter data and program instructions into a computer and to gain access to the results of the processing operation. Common input devices include keyboards and optical scanners; output devices include printers and cathode-ray tube and liquid-crystal display monitors. The information received by a computer from its input unit is stored in the main memory or, if not for immediate use, in an auxiliary storage device. The control unit selects and calls up instructions from the memory in appropriate sequence and relays the proper commands to the appropriate unit. It also synchronizes the varied operating speeds of the input and output devices to that of the arithmetic-logic unit (ALU) so as to ensure the proper movement of data through the entire computer system. The ALU performs the arithmetic and logic algorithms selected to process the incoming data at extremely high speeds-in many cases in nanoseconds (billionths of a second). The main memory, control unit, and ALU together make up the central processing unit (CPU) of most digital computer systems, while the input-output devices and auxiliary storage units constitute peripheral equipment. Types of digital computer

First Digital computer is the type of computer which receive,store,process and compute discrete value.  classification of Digital computer: 
1:Super computer 
This is the most powerful computer, instead of one processor many processor are used. It is very expensive and only few people can buy it.  2:Mainframe(Mult-user) 
It is capable to support large number of users at the one time.  Can process at speed of 100mps. 
It is also act as database saver. 
3:Min computer 
Have moderate memory capacity, 
It act as mult-user system. 
4:Micro computer 
There are two...
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