Compatibility of National Self-Determination with Ideals of Global Justice

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Essay Plan
Is the goal of national self-determination (according sovereign statehood to each national community) compatible with ideals of global justice? Draw critically upon a theory (or theories) of justice to explain and give reasons for your answer. Introduction

Justice – the core notion of justice to revolve around the idea that some entity is entitled, as a matter of right rather than charity, to receive the treatment proper to it - BROWN •National self-determination

Cosmopolitan character of global justice – ‘world state’ and people as the primary concern, not states. •Political justice – states existence is what gives the value of justice its application

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Justice
LECTURE SLIDE: Justice – What we owe to one another as members of a society or political community, does not give account of everything that is ‘good’ Political justice – concerned with the just exercise of political power within a society •Assumes some forms of political power are necessary to maintain social order – who should wield it? •Dahl – A has power over B to the extent that he can get B to do something that B would not otherwise do •Control power through law, constitution, institutions

Question of rights
Question of duties/responsibilities
Areas of global justice:
Distributive justice – distribution of social goods and resources •Political justice – structure and allocation of political power, linked to democracy •Restorative justice – duties arising from the legacies of historical injustices, historical justice Who/what should principles of global justice regulate?

Individuals, states, communities, other actors like corporations? •Unified global basic structure, global government?
Key challenges to achieving global justice:
Power
Pluralism – people cant agree on what is owed
System of sovereign nation states reinforces and compounds both of these problems •SWIFT
Brown – justice = the core notion of justice to revolve around the idea that some entity is entitled, as a matter of right rather than charity, to receive the treatment proper to it •Nagel – international requirements of justice

oMost modern conceptions of justice impose some limits on the powers of sovereignty and some condition of fairness or equality in the way the institutions of a just society treat its citizens oStandards governing the justification and conduct of war and standards that define the most basic human rights oJustice is concerned with

The relations between the conditions of different classes of people •The cause of inequality between them
oThe requirements of justice themselves do not apply to the world as a whole, unless and until, as a result of historical developments not required by justice, the world comes to be governed by a unified sovereign power oArrives at the same conclusion as Hobbes:

The full standard of justice, though they can be known by moral reasoning, apply only within the boundaries of a sovereign state, however arbitrary those boundaries may be •Internationally, there may well be standards, but they do not merit the full name of justice

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National self-determination
National self-government is groups determining the character of their social and economic environment, their fortunes, the course of their development and the fortunes of their members by their own action. The value this comes from entrusting the general political power over a group and its members to the group (Margalit & Raz). This combined with the right to determine whether a territory should be an independent state is quite naturally regarded as the main instrument for realizing the ideal of self-determination (Margalit & Raz). The primary point of political legitimacy and the pursuit of justice is the nation-state (Nagel). The goal of national self-determination is an important part of any nation-state as it secures the conditions for individual autonomy (Armstrong). The value comes from...
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