Globalization and Nation State

Topics: Globalization, Sovereignty, Economic inequality Pages: 10 (1434 words) Published: February 27, 2014
There is no doubt that globalization has had an impact on the nation state. However, it

has been exaggerated that the state has been weakened and the national control over the

economy has been undermined due to the effects of globalization. There are three

different perspectives that respond to globalization; hyper-globalists, skeptics and

transformationalists. All of these perspectives will be discussed throughout the essay,

followed by a conclusive decision as to whether globalization has had a positive or

negative effect on the nation state, as well as the impact on social and economic

inequalities in a society.

Globalization refers to the increased interconnection between regions of the world, the

economic integration and the fast flows of investments, information and trade (Tremblay,

Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh and Scala 349). It is the global forces that transform culture,

politics, finance across the globe, as well as the interconnection of individuals concerned

in terrorism, environmental and social issues. Multinational corporations are important in

areas of the global economy, such as global trade and global production (Tremblay,

Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh and Scala 349). The issue of economic globalization

throughout countries has been debated whether the effects benefit all individuals in

society. The differences of income between individuals with more skill and those with

lower skills increases due to the displacement of production sites to less expensive

countries in development. It is for these actions that the gap between rich and poor is

increasing, therefore the impact of globalization leads to greater economic inequality in

society (Tremblay, Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh and Scala 349). Globalization can be

characterized by the expansion of political, economic and social activities in order for the

individuals and communities can acknowledge the significance of events, activities and

decisions in other regions of the world (Baylis, Smith and Owens 18). In addition, the

branching of interconnections and the intensification of economical activities can be used

in the characterization process. However, globalization should not only be connected to

the interconnection, but the process of changing structure in economical and social

organization within a society as well (Baylis, Smith and Owens 18). Globalization has a

definite impact on social and economic affairs.

In terms of the culture on a global scale, it has been discussed whether globalization

will lead to the mutilation of culture in the world or a universal culture (Tremblay,

Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh and Scala 352). Factors such as language, lifestyles and

religion among different societies are being affected by the globalization of information

exchange through technology, such as the Internet. There is increasing confidence that

globalization will progressively diminish the barriers that have divided individuals

throughout centuries around the world and that it will eventually lead to a peaceful world

(Tremblay, Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh and Scala 353). Despite these ideas, there are

critics who argue that there will be a loss of cultural diversity. However, cultural

globalization advocates cultural diversity, which brings about the preservation of local

and traditional cultures (Tremblay, Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh and Scala 353).

Furthermore, it has contribute to the institutionalization of cultural diversity as an

important factor in multiple organizations and countries, such as Canada whose

multicultural policy prompts a value of diversity (Tremblay, Lecours, Nikolenyi, Salloukh

and Scala 353).

According to hyper-globalists, the globalization of the economy is consequently

creating revolutionary change to control political processes and...
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