Company Structure and Ict

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Organizational structure of Wal-Mart company,
including MIS/IT/ICT strategy

1-2/A:
Wal-Mart MIS
Wal-mart’s Matrix Organizational Structure:

Each division may contain(s) all or some of these departments: Aviation & Travel, CMI & Benefits, Corporate Affairs, Finance, Independent Doctors of Optometry, Information Systems Division, Legal, Merchandising & Product Development, Operations, Pharmacy, Reality, Replenishment. CHARACTERISTICS

1. Management oriented:| The system is designed form the top to work downwards.| 2. Management directed:| Management orientation of MIS, it is necessary that management should continuously make reviews.| 3. Integrated:| The word 'integration' means that system has to cover of all the functional areas of an organization so as to produce more meaningful management information.| 4. Common data flow:| Common data flow concept avoids repetition and overlapping in data collection and storage.| 5. Heavy element:| Management information system cannot be established overnight. It takes almost 2 to 4 years to establish it successfully in an organization.|

FUNCTIONS
1. Data processing: | It includes the collection, transmission, storage, processing and output of data.| 2. Function of prediction:| It predicts the future situation by applying modern mathematics, statistics or simulation.| 3. Function of plan:| It arranges reasonably the plans of each functional department.| 4. Function of control:| It monitors and inspects the operation of plans and comprises with the differences between operation and plan.| 5. Function of assistance:| It derives instantly the best answers of related problems by applying to various of mathematics' mode and analyzing a plentiful data stored in computers.|

IT CAREERS:
Wal-Mart has our ISD team in Global Headquarters in Bentonville, AR. The company that's consistently ranked among top places to work in IT and invests $4.7 billion a year in employee benefits. The world's largest non-governmental database, as well as 92,000 network devices, 30,000 windows/Unix devices, 500,000 wireless clients and 170,000 work stations. Shape emerging technology from companies like Microsoft, Apple and IBM. These companies regularly consult with Wal-Mart IT professionals as part of their own development processes. Work on every operating platform in use today and tackle an array of projects. 90% of our solutions are written in house. In ISD, they focus on sharing ideas and working collaboratively to deliver the best possible solutions to everyone they serve. This is truly a culture where people come first. IT SYSTEM

IT STRATEGY:
Linda Dillman (Wal-Mart's CIO) outlined three principles for IT at Walmart. These reflect Wal-Mart's strategic "IT maxims", which guide development and deployment of all IT systems and capabilities. 1) Merchants first: IT personnel at Wal-Mart should be merchants first, and technologists second. IT talks to customers (users) in terms of the business instead of in terms of technology. 2) Run common systems and common platforms: Wal-Mart runs a single system with a single set of code worldwide. When beginning operations in a new country they migrate store operations to their code. It has cost advantages as the IT budget is less than one-half a percent of sales. They don’t have to invest in multiple systems. Furthermore this approach let them to leverage best practices. This uniform system also useful when up-and-coming executives transfer to a different part so they can leverage human resources also in worldwide. 3) Centralized information systems: Wal-Mart runs all worldwide information systems out of its headquarters in Arkansas, with a second data center providing backup and failover. "A point-of-sale transaction entered in China comes back to Arkansas for credit card authorization and then returns to China to complete the sale," she said. "The whole process takes place in less than half a second." One...
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