September 5, 2011
* Amber Templain-Kuehn
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the theory that thoughts control behaviors and actions. It is the practice of teaching a client to change the way they think. In return it is believed in theory that their actions will change, behaviors will change, out looks will change. All these changes will happen without the outside influences being changed such as people, places, situations, or events. One of the large differences in cognitive-behavior therapy is the amount of trust between client and clinician. The client must trust the clinician and believe in changing thoughts and thought process. If the client has doubts and is not willing to fully trust the thoughts may not be as easy changed or change at all. Another difference is that the client must do work on their own. The client is given goals to work on independently and between visits. The client must learn to control thoughts and focus in another direction even when the clinician is not present and guiding the client through. A client must lead their own thoughts and create a new direction to create different and new thoughts. The clinician does not tell the client how to feel or how to think. The clinician asks questions and encourages the client to ask the same questions of themselves. The client must unlearn the way they once thought and reacted and relearn a new direction of thoughts and actions. For instance, a client must learn to look at a situation in a rational manner based only on fact without all the feeling and assumptions. While practicing cognitive-behavior therapy, a specific time of therapy or amount of sessions is predetermined by client and clinician at the start. The time line can be shortened or increased if more or less time is needed. Goals are put into place and the act of changing thoughts is constantly worked on. Cognitive therapy is noted as being one...