Faulty or maladaptive cognitions are negative thoughts and beliefs about ourselves, others or situations that can reinvent themselves as a number of ways including depression, anxiety, self pity and manifest outwardly as negative or faulty behavior such as violence, extreme mood swings, eating disorders or substance misuse.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is an action therapy that focuses on current behavior, Corey (2001). CBT recognizes the connection between faulty cognitions and behaviors and through the use of a structured therapy aims to help the client recognize and restructure their automatic thought processes from negative to positive resulting in the desired behavioral changes. Corey (2001) states "it puts emphasis on personal responsibility for changing by developing clear plans for new behavior". In other words, change the way we think and we can change our behavior.
Using the case study of Richard, it appears that Richards core belief or schema, (Beck 1991) is that no one cares about him, it could also be that he feels unworthy of receiving love and friendship. He has resorted to alcohol to help him forget his problems, the more he drinks the better he feels. What Richard doesn't understand is the cycle that reinforces his maladaptive thoughts and beliefs. He drinks to feel good, arguments start with loved ones and friends, he feels good so it must be their fault. Richard becomes aggressive and violent, others get tired of his behavior and withdraw from his life. Withdrawing reinforces Richards' belief that no one cares about him, his feelings of rejection and abandonment surface as self pity or depression so Richard finds solace in alcohol.
Richards maladaptive behaviors are the result of faulty thoughts and feelings. CBTs' teaching approach can help him unlearn his old ineffective coping strategies and relearn new effective ways to cope with life. Because CBT requires complete commitment... [continues]
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