Climate Change

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Outline:
1-Introduction for climate change
Background information
Definition of climate change

2-Body:
A- The causes of climate change
The causes of climate change
Natural causes of climate change

B- Effects of climate change
Human effects on climate change
Greenhouse gases effect
Changing in the ecosystems.

C- Solutions for climate change:
Avoid cutting trees and forests
The use of the renewable resources
Sequestration

3- Conclusion:
The industrial countries should make conferences to reduce the causes that leads to climate change

Climate change is a rising issue of importance in our day and age, and one that is threatening our global society on many levels. In the past few decades, scientists have discovered that our planet’s climate has been changing at an alarming rate. The way in which we have changed the land to accommodate ourselves is evident in many areas including farming, cities, residential areas, and production. All of these changes have had an effect on the planet. So what is climate change? Climate change is a change in the average weather conditions or a change in the distribution of weather events with respect to an average, for example, greater or fewer extreme weather events. Climate change may be limited to a specific region, or may occur across the whole Earth. Climate change is a very dangerous phenomenon which may affect the whole world in a negative way if the responsible countries didn’t take the necessary decisions to prevent this change. Climate change is a tangible problem and its existence can no longer be denied. It is one of the most important scientific, economic threats facing to the earth. There are many factors lead to climate change, such as greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide, fossil fuels. Although it would be self-deception to believe that humans had nothing to do with it, the fact is that human activities caused negative effects on climate change. More people exploit more natural resources, cut more trees, use more fossil fuels, produce more wastes, build more roads, dams and cities, pollute more soil, water and air, and contribute more greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, which may lead to the ozone depletion and global warming. So the aim of this essay is to discuss the importance of climate change and to argue that the western world is influenced in this phenomenon since they are industrial countries, we will also discuss about the causes and effects of climate change and what are the solutions to such change.

Climate change is the most severe problem that we are facing today and it is threatening the future. Today, we're seeing that climate change is about more than a few unseasonably mild winters or hot summers. It's about the chain of natural catastrophes and devastating weather patterns that global warming is beginning to set off around the world. The earth’s climate is influenced and changed through natural causes like volcanic eruptions, ocean current, the earth’s orbital changes and solar variations. We will discuss them now. The first natural cause is the volcanic eruptions - When a volcano erupts it throws out large volumes of sulphur dioxide (SO2), water vapor, dust, and ash into the atmosphere. Large volumes of gases and ash which causes atmospheric cooling. Tiny particles called aerosols are produced by volcanoes. Because they reflect solar energy back into space they have a cooling effect on the world. The greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide is also produced however the CO2 produced is insignificant when compared to emissions created by humans. However, the second cause for climate change is ocean current in which the oceans are a major component of the climate system. Ocean currents move vast amounts of heat across the planet. Winds push horizontally against the sea surface and drive ocean current patterns. Interactions between the ocean...
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