1)The six purposes of government are to: keep order, provide security, settle conflicts, set policies, make budgets, and interact with other communities. 2)Different types of government
a.Representative Democracy – the citizens choose a smaller group to represent them, make laws, and govern on their behalf, but the people remain the source of the government’s authority. b.Dictatorship – a government controlled by one person or a small group of people who make all decisions. c.Federal – the sharing of power between the central and state governments. d.Confederation – a group of individuals or state governments. e.Parliamentary – a system of government in which both executive and legislative function reside in an elected assembly. 3)Foundations of Democracy
c.Majority rule and majority rights
d.Necessity of compromise
4)Traditions of democracy in the US
i.Limited Government – a government structure where any more than minimal governmental intervention in personal liberties and the economy is prohibited by law; usually in a written consent. ii.Representative government – a form of government founded on the principles of popular sovereignty by the people’s representatives. The representatives form an independent ruling body charged with the responsibility of acting in the people’s interest. iii.Popular sovereignty – the belief that the state is created by and therefore subject to the will of its people, who are the source of all political power. b.Historical Bases
i.Magna Carta – (Great Charter) a charter of liberty and political rights obtained from King John of England ii.Social contract theory – the people give up some rights to a government in order to receive social order. iii.English Bill of Rights – one of the basic documents of the English constitutional law; a statement of certain negative and residential rights that citizens and/or residents of a constitutional monarchy ought to have. iv.Declaration of Independence – declared that the 13 colonies were “Free and Independent states” and that “all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is and ought to be totally dissolved”; explained the justifications for separations from the British crown. v.Articles of Confederation – congress could make decisions but could not enforce them; there was a requirement foe unanimous approval before any modifications could be made to the Articles; congress could not tax, they could only request money from the states. 5)US Constitution
a.Connecticut Compromise – (the Great Compromise) was an essential agreement between large and small states that defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the US Constitution; proposed bicameral legislature. b.Three-Fifths Compromise – a compromise between southern and northern states in which three-fifths of the population of slaves would be counted for enumeration purposes. c.Commerce and Slave Trade compromise
i.Commerce – it compromises the trading of something of economic value such as goods, services, information, and/or money between two more entities. ii.Slave Trade – the southern states agreed that Congress could regulate trade between states, as well as other countries; in exchange the northern states agreed that Congress could not tax exports nor could they interfere with the slave trade before 1808. d.Electoral College – a group of people who would be named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president; today voters choose electors not the legislature. 6)Federalists and Anti-Federalists
a.Federalists – support the constitution
b.Anti-Federalists – felt that the Constitution gave too much power to the national government and not enough to the states. 7)Bill of Rights
b.Right to bear arms.
d.Can’t search without a warrant.