• It refers to the particular group of people which is the administrative bureaucracy of a society at a given time. Each successive government is composed of a specialized and privileged body of individuals, who monopolize political decision – making and are separated by status and organization from the population as a whole. Their function is to enforce existing laws, make new ones, and arbitrate conflicts via their monopoly on violence. In some societies, this group is often a self-perpetuating or hereditary class. In other societies, such as democracies, the political roles remain, but there is frequent turnover of the people actually filling the positions.
2. Kinds of government
• Dictatorial – is one that is run with unlimited power by the head of the government or head of the state. It is also defined as an autocratic form of government in which the government is ruled by an individual, the dictator, without hereditary ascension.
• Democratic – is a government elected by the people and democratic government is a co-operative. The people have rights to take part in the decision of the government and they can change parliament members anytime they want.
• Aristocratic – is identical to Oligarchy as it means a tiny privileged class runs the country while all the other citizens have little to no power.
3. What is a state?
• It is more then a government. Government change, but states endure. It is the means of rule over a defined or sovereign territory. It is comprised of an executive, a bureaucracy, courts and other institutions but above all it can levies taxes and operate a military and police force.
4. Discuss the following
• People - fundamentally comprises of a permanent population over which it exercises its unlimited authority. The nature of the state depends upon the quality and quantity of its population. No ideal size of population can be stated. Aristotle stated "A population must be large enough to be... [continues]
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