Cis500 Week 2 Assignment

Topics: Police, Law enforcement, Crime Pages: 5 (1948 words) Published: March 2, 2013
Today, the world is experiencing significant technological revaluation at the main part of which is the information technology. There is a general belief that information technology eases and contributes to many aspects of our life (Nunn & Quinet, 2002). And new technologies has drastically changed our way of life to include attitudes, thoughts, perceptions and community at large. In particular, Information Technology has transformed our big world into a global village. Unlike the traditional means of law enforcement, in this case through street patrols, the adoption of Information Technology has brought a tremendous improvement to the law enforcement community and hugely impacted crime rate. In the past, random patrolling of the streets were carried out without proper organization with regards to insight, predictions of crime activities and the nature thereof. The use of IT in law enforcement centers around predictive policing which is the term used to describe “any policing strategy or tactic that develops and uses information and advanced analysis to inform forward-thinking crime prevention”. (Predictive Policing Symposium, 2010). Predictive policing focuses on some strategies which will be used in the remaining of this paper to address the comparison and cotrast of the use IT in policing versus random street patrols, how Inormation Systems have allowed police departments that implement tools such as COMPSTAT to respond to crime faster, and implementing the SWOT analysis on behalf of police departments that intend to implement predictive policing. Some of the strategies to be discussed are: integrated information and operations, seeing the big picture, cutting-edge analysis and technology, linkage to performance, adaptability to changing conditions. There are a very large number of ways technology used to implement these strategies: Patrol staffing and resource allocation, time and location of future incidence in a crime pattern, identifying individuals who are likely to reoffend, early detection of career criminals, analysis of predatory patterns, threat and vulnerability assessment, city or neighborhood planning, traffic management, crowd control and so on. We are faced with a world where technology is developing and evolving faster than it can be implemented, it is realistic to assume that the police force would adapt and use that technology to place them in a good position to be able to adequately and effectively do its job. The first strategy, integrated information and operation, eliminites the need for hoarding information therefore allowing for simpler and timelier access to information across departments. It focuses on developing, running, operating and integrated information infrastructure. One of the largest IT pitfalls of many businesses is having information isolated with departments. The police are no different, they maintain many multiple databases. Rarely, in the past, were any of those systems connected or were access allowed across the board which resulted to significant breakdown in the flow of information. Information needs to be cross functional. Information sources needs to be linked to police analytical systems. Poor information sharing can hinder and prevent effective analysis and investigation. Having a complete picture of current trends in crime and violence will help in the effective prediction of the future and taking necessary proactive and not merely reactive measures. . It is a must for police to integrate their information systems to enable situational awareness. Seeing the big picture deals with the collective vision on an entire geographical area, as well as, using the data to more effectively schedule resources and develop cities and neighborhoods. It is important to view each incident the police have to deal with as an information gathering opportunity. It is important the police are able to use the information gathered to see prospective patterns developing in...
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