Unit 2 Capstone Project: Case Study #1-Diabetes
July 19, 2011
Diabetes in Children
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is a disease that affects about 180 million people and about one in every 400-600 children, (Roper et al 2009). This type of diabetes is generally found in young children and adolescence and if not properly taken control of, this can be very hazardous to one’s life. Understanding what type 1 diabetes means, how an active child and their parents can maintain their disease correctly and what types of treatment are available will help insure that this is something that can be lived without any problems.
The definition of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is where the pancreas can’t produce the necessary insulin for the body to maintain the correct glucose or sugar level that is needed. According to the American Diabetes Association, the body needs enough glucose between the ranges of 70 to 130mg before a meal and no more than 180mg after a meal. When your levels drop to low, that is considered to be hypoglycemia, too high is hyperglycemia. Some of the symptoms in hypoglycemia that will occur can be shakiness, dizziness, sweating, headache and tingling sensations, (American Diabetes Association). With hyperglycemia some symptoms can be high glucose levels, increased thirst and frequent urination, (American Diabetes Association).
When there is an active child who is diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, there is no reason for the child to stop doing everything they have done before. With physical care, knowing how to eat the right foods, how to manage and understand the equipment used, and how to take care of their bodies, (Roper et al, 2009). The physiology part knows how the disease affects the body, the cause of the disease and how the body works, (Roper et al, 2009). Also making sure that the patient and family knows the consequences if they can’t keep the disease under...