Juvenile Diabetes

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Abstract
Juvenile Diabetes is a disease that more and more children are getting each day and it affects about 0.1 percent of children that are school age. There are two types of diabetes that are common in children. The first one is type-one diabetes and the second one is type-two diabetes out of all the cases diagnosed, type-one makes u p 5-10 percent of them. There are major health problems associated with type-one including troubles physically , a multidisciplinary approach by physician, nurse, and dietitian is needed to treat juvenile diabetes. In patients with new-onset type 1 diabetes, lifelong insulin therapy must be started. As a chronic disease, DM requires long-term medical attention both to limit the development of its devastating physical and psychological complications and to manage them when they do occur. As per ADA (American Diabetes Association) DM is a disproportionately expensive disease; in 2002, the per-capita cost of health care was $13,243 for people with diabetes, while it was $2560 for those without diabetes (ADA, 2007). As of now there is no cure for juvenile diabetes but there is ongoing research to test medications and new products to find a cure for Juvenile Diabetes. There are however many coping methods, support groups, counseling, insulin injections and pumps that children with juvenile diabetes make a part of their everyday lives.

Juvenile Diabetes

Juvenile diabetes is a big disease for little kids, which affects all aspects of their lives. Juvenile diabetes (which is known as Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus) is a chronic disease of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism caused by the lack of insulin, which results from the marked and progressive inability of the pancreas to secrete insulin because of autoimmune destruction of the beta cells which leads to high blood sugar and if it is not treated properly can cause a lot of problem to the kids and affect their body and soul. In this paper I will answer these questions 1.What is juvenile diabetes?

2.What cause juvenile diabetes?
3.How dose juvenile diabetes affect children ‘lives?
4.How do we treat juvenile diabetes?
5.What are the latest researches finding for juvenile diabetes?

What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is defined as inappropriate fasting and postprandial hyperglycemia, is not homogenous entity but a syndrome characterized by disturbed metabolism of carbohydrates, fat and lipids. There are two types of diabetes that are common in children. The first one is type-one diabetes and the second one is type-two diabetes. Type-one diabetes is referred to as juvenile diabetes mellitus. It is one of the most common chronic diseases that affect children.

Figure 1

Since islets cells produce insulin, they define the different types of Diabetes http://www.juvenilediabetic.com/diabetes.html
It is a disorder of the endocrine system and affects about 0.1 percent of children that are school age. Type-one comes about when the pancreas ceases to produce insulin the body needs to break down glucose in the blood ( Figure 1). These diabetics take injections of insulin to keep their glucose level in their blood down. Children being overweight or obese cause type-two diabetes. Up until about a decade ago, this type was rarely heard of in children. This sudden increase of type-two diabetes in children is caused by kids eating too much junk food and their lack of physical exercise. Type-two occurs when the body has a glucose level in the blood that is too high and it consumes the insulin produced by the pancreas.

What causes juvenile diabetes?
Type 1 DM has a strong genetic component and extra genetic factors also may contribute. Potential triggers for immunologically mediated destruction of the beta cells include viruses (e.g., mumps, rubella, coxsackievirus B4), toxic chemicals, and exposure to cow’s milk in infancy, and cytotoxins. As beta-cell mass declines with ongoing...
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