Childhood Obesity

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Childhood Obesity

Childhood Obesity: Major Epidemic

Corina Alfaro, Veronica Carrillo, Eva Cavazos, Luis Closner
University of Texas at Brownsville

A Paper Submitted
In Partial Fulfillment for the Course
NURS 6322
Moral and Ethical Issues in Nursing
Dr. Nora Montalvo-Liendo

November, 30, 2012
Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or wellbeing. As methods to determine body fat directly are difficult, the diagnosis of obesity is often based on BMI. Due to the rising prevalence of obesity in children and its many adverse health effects it is being recognized as a serious public health concern (Kopelman, 2005). What was once known as a disease of adults has become a crisis in children. The Problem

Childhood obesity is a growing epidemic not just in America but worldwide.  In 2010, forty-three million children under the age of five were classified as overweight (Rabbitt & Coyne, 2012). According to the World Health Organization (2007) over 60% of children who are overweight before puberty will be overweight as adults, not to mention the array of health problems that arise. There are also many physical as well as psychological consequences that follow this disease. Much more startling than the rates in which this epidemic is occurring are the many physical and psychological consequences that accompanies it.  Many obese children have a negative self-image and self-esteem, which in turn leads to lack of confidence. The chance of being ridiculed and discriminated by peers is much higher. These children have a higher incidence of cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, increased cholesterol levels, insulin resistant type 2 diabetes, asthma as well as shortness of breath and sleep apnea. The extra weight on the body can also cause discomfort on the musculoskeletal system causing muscle and bone disorders (Karnik & Kanekar, 2012). Unfortunately, if this is not corrected by diet and...
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