Preparation Outline: Vitalba Evola
Topic: Childhood Obesity
General Purpose: To inform
Specific Purpose: To inform my audience of two prevalent causes of childhood obesity.
Thesis Statement: While there are many causes of childhood obesity, most are, in fact, preventable.
I. Attention Getting Device: Our society has become a classic case of “Battle of the Bulge,” as our society now has an alarming number of obese individuals. But this isn’t from World War II; it is a current war of the waistlines. Can you imagine weighing 117 at 8 years old? Impossible, right? Wrong. Nicholas Reeves, a 2nd grader from Nashville, Tennessee, weighs in at a staggering 117 pounds (Donvan & Patricia, 2010). Nicholas, like many other children in America, is in serious risks of health problems throughout their lifetime. How serious? Deadly serious. Would you want a child you know to run the risk of death, when you know it could have possibly been prevented? II. Thesis Restatement: While there are many causes of childhood obesity, most are, in fact, preventable. Preventable meaning, YOU can help to change the alarming statistics III. Preview of the main points: In the next few minutes, I will briefly discuss how childhood obesity is calculated and the facts and statistics regarding childhood obesity. Then, I will discuss how detrimental it can be to a child’s life. Furthermore, I will discuss two prevalent, yet preventable, causes that contribute to childhood obesity. Finally, I will provide ways in which you, and we as a society, can help to reduce the number of children suffering from obesity
Transition: With the help of this speech and the information provided, it is my hope to influence all of you to become more aware of how serious childhood obesity is, and to also realize it can be prevented in many cases.
I. How is childhood obesity calculated?
a. Childhood obesity is measured using the Body Mass Index (CDC, 2012). i. Using the BMI, a child’s weight and height are calculated b. From there, their weight category is obtained using a sex and age specific percentile for BMI ii. For children and adolescents aged 2-19
1. They are considered overweight if their BMI is at or above the 85th percentile and lower than the 95th percentile for children of the same age and sex (Barlow, 2007). 2. They are considered obese if their BMI is at or above the 95th percentile for children of the same age and sex
Transition: Calculating a child’s BMI is the easy part. However, understanding the risk factors surrounding a harmful BMI is scary part.
c. In her article (2012) titled, “America, 100 Percent Fat,” Martica Heamer believes the current generation of children is actually expected to die younger than their parents, which was unheard of before this generation. d. The Center for Disease and Control, 2012, reported that childhood obesity has more than tripled in the last 30 years
Transition: The epidemic of childhood obesity comes with serious consequences.
II. Children who are obese pose harmful effects to their body, such as: e. High blood pressure and high cholesterol
iii. Both of which can cause cardiovascular disease f. An increase of impaired glucose tolerance and insulin resistance iv. Commonly associated with diabetes
g. Breathing problems
v. Sleep apnea and asthma
h. Fatty liver disease
Transition: The consequences I just mentioned could be prevented by minimizing the preventable causes that are contributing to childhood obesity, such as eating too much, and eating the wrong kinds of foods
III. We live in a society where the normal social gathering involves more food and our daily activities involve less and less physical activity; both contributing to obesity. i. The Center for Disease Control, 2012, believes that energy imbalance...
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