Childcare: Developmental Psychology and Children

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EYMP1- CONTEXT & PRINCIPLES FOR EARLY YEARS PROVISION
UNDERSTANDING THE PURPOSES AND PRINCIPLE OF EARLY YEARS FRAMEWORK 1.1 EXPLAIN THE LEGAL STATUS AND PRINCIPLE OF THE RELEVANT EARLY YEARS FRAMEWORK/S, AND HOW NATIONAL AND LOCAL GUIDANCE MATERIALS ARE USED IN SETTINGS.

The relevant early years framework in England is the EYFS- Early Years Foundation Stage. It has been in use since September 2008 and consists of a statutory curriculum for children from birth to 5years who are being cared for outside their homes. All providers, which includes child minders, after-school clubs, nurseries, pre-schools and schools. The EYFS sets out legal requirement relating to learning and development (goals of early learning, educational programmes and arrangement of assessments). This is given legal force by the Early Years Foundation Stage (Learning and Development Requirements) Order 2007 made under Section 39 (1) (a) of the Childcare Act 2006. Legal requirements relating to welfare (safeguarding and promoting childrens welfare, ensuring suitable people and also suitable environments, equipments and organisation and also to ensure documentations). The welfare requirement is enforced by Regulations made under Section 39 (1)(b) of the Childcare Act 2006.

There are six area covered by the early learning goals and educational programmes. Which are:

-Personal, Social and Emotional Development
-Communication, Language and Literacy
-Creative Development
-Physical Development
-Problem-solving, Reasoning and Numeracy
-Knowledge and Understanding of the World

It is expected that practitioner must plan for this six areas and none of the areas of learning and development can be delivered in isolation from others and each area is important and depend on each other to provide a round approach to support a child development.

The principles guiding the EYFS are divided in four themes-

* A Unique Child- this means every child is a competent learner from birth and can be resilient, capable, confident. This principle has four commitments. 1. Child development-This support effective practice in understanding child development across the Early Years Foundation Stage(EYFS) 2. Inclusive practice- Inclusive practice is promoting a culture of equality of opportunity and high achievement for all children by developing a more flexible attitudes and approaches to everyday practices. 3. Keeping safe-This is providing a safe environment and ensuring the safety of children in your care. Also to narrow the gap between children who thrive and those who do not. 4. Health and well being- determining children responses to their environments, people and new experiences. It involves meeting physical and emotional well being needs of children.

* Positive Relationships- Children will learn to be strong and independent based on loving and secured relationship they enjoy from parents and a key person. This principle has four commitments. 1. Respecting each other- helping children to learn to develop a good relationships and to be aware of other people’s needs, feeling and ideas 2. Parents as partners- This supports working with parents as partners. 3. Supporting learning-involves assisting children and how their needs are met.It includes observing, listening and assessing a child’s ability and knowledge. 4. Key person-the role of a key person in EYFS is to ensure that each child receive individual support, help a child to feel confident and safe within the setting. To have as personal relationship and bond with a child and the family.

* Enabling Environments- the environments play a key role in the children’s learning and development. This principle has four commitments. 1. Observation, assessment and planning- this supports children’s learning and development. Planning involves observing children to be able to understand their interest, development and learning and how to make provision for it. 2....
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