Child's Functional Health Patterns Assessment

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September 23, 2012

Children’s Functional Health Pattern Assessment
Functional Health Pattern Assessment (FHP)| ToddlerErickson’s Developmental Stage:Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt| Preschool-AgedErickson’s Developmental Stage:Initiative vs. Guilt| School-AgedErickson’s Developmental Stage:Industry vs. Inferiority| Pattern of Health Perception and Health Management:List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group. List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.| Toddlers are at a stage of imitation and will do as their parents do. This means that if they see parents taking care of themselves (exercise, eating right, etc.) they will follow this example.Toddlers believe that staying in good health involves eating well, exercising and staying clean (Phillips, 1980). | Preschool-age children’s knowledge of health and health maintenance is expanding but is still very much dependent on their parent’s example.Preschool-age children are becoming more independent and are taking on more and more responsibility of their health; example is they are managing their hygiene routine by brushing their teeth and washing themselves independently.| School-aged children have a wide knowledge about health and illness and disease risks (Piko & Bak, 2006). They are conscious of their health and even hold a positive outlook on health and health promotion (Piko & Bak, 2006). | | Some toddlers associate nurses and doctors with bad events such as shots and don’t want to go to doctors’ visits (Phillips, 1980). Toddlers and parents of toddlers can be very sporadic when it comes to their hygiene and this can lead to tooth decay and excessive illness related to inadequate hand hygiene.| Preschool-age children are becoming more independent and will want to do things on their own and may not do as good a job when it comes to maintenance activities like brushing their teeth.Preschool-age children may not fully grasp the cause and effect of the health/disease process.| School-age children may perceive their illnesses as some form of punishment for past misbehaviors (Piko & Bak, 2006).When school-age children are not properly informed about a procedure they may view the procedure as negative and useless (Piko & Bak, 2006).| Nutritional-Metabolic Pattern:List two normal assessment findings that would be characteristic for each age group. List two potential problems that a nurse may discover in an assessment of each age group.| Toddlers are starting on finger foods because they are easy for them to hold by themselves.Toddlers will have a balanced diet only if their parents give them a balanced diet (Kids Health, 2012).Toddlers have high metabolic demands and need more calories (1000-1400 calories a day) than they did as infants because they are moving around more (Kids Health, 2012). | Preschoolers can eat what the rest of the family eats because their dexterity is improving and they are better at chewing their food (Ward, 2012).Preschoolers are very bright and happy and usually have a positive opinion when it comes to food and eating health.| School age children have a slower growth rate but still need about four to five meals a day ("Lucile Packard Foundation for Children’s Health," 2012)School-age children’s diet is very much dependent on the media influences (“Lucile Packard Foundation for Children’s Health,” 2012).| | Toddlers may be malnourished because they are dependent on their parents to give them food and hydration.Toddlers may still be using a bottle for nutrition and should be weaned as soon as possible (Kids Health, 2012).| Preschoolers can be picky eaters and not achieve a healthy balanced diet because of this.Preschoolers are prone to choking on their food and may still need their...