Health Curriculum Guide Grades 1 10

Topics: Educational years, Health, Public health Pages: 163 (14446 words) Published: March 11, 2015
Republic of the Philippines
Department of Education
DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue
Pasig City

K to 12 Curriculum Guide

HEALTH
(Grade 1 to Grade 10)
December 2013

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

The Kindergarten to Grade 12 (“K to 12”) Health curriculum aims to assist the Filipino learner in attaining, sustaining and promoting life-long health and wellness. The learning experience through the program provides opportunities for the development of health literacy competencies among students and to enhance their over-all wellbeing. Health Education from Kindergarten to Grade 10 focuses on the physical, mental, emotional, as well as the social, moral and spiritual dimensions of holistic health. It enables the learners to acquire essential knowledge, attitudes, and skills that are necessary to promote good nutrition; to prevent and control diseases; to prevent substance misuse and abuse; to reduce health-related risk behaviors; to prevent and control injuries with the end-view of maintaining and improving personal, family, community, as well as global health.

Health Education emphasizes the development of positive heath attitudes and relevant skills in order to achieve a good quality of living. Thus, the focus on skills development is explicitly demonstrated in the primary grade levels. Meanwhile, a comprehensive body of knowledge is provided in the upper year levels to serve as a foundation in developing desirable health attitudes, habits and practices. In order to facilitate the development of health literacy competencies, the teacher is highly encouraged to use developmentally-appropriate learner-centered teaching approaches. This includes scaffolding on student experience and prior learning; utilizing culture-responsive scenarios and materials; incorporating arts, and music in imparting health messages; engaging learners in meaningful games and cooperative learning activities; and using life skills and value-based strategies particularly in discussing sensitive topics such as substance abuse and sexuality. The teacher is also advised to use differentiated instruction in order to cater to the learners’ various needs and abilities.

K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013

Page 2 of 66

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM

Conceptual Framework of Health Education

Holistic
Values-based

Preventive
Growth and
Development
Community and
Environmental
Health

Health and
Life Skillsbased

Consumer
Health

Injury
Prevention and
Safety

Cultureresponsive

Achieve,
Sustain and
Promote
Lifelong
Wellness
Disease
Prevention and
Conrtol

Standards and
Outcomes-based

K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013

Personal Health

Nutrition

Learnercentered

Substance Use
and Abuse

Family Health

Rights-based

Epidemiological

Page 3 of 66

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM
HEALTH CONTENT AREAS

Injury Prevention, Safety and First Aid: Discusses the causes, costs, and prevention of accidents and injuries while performing various activities at home, in school or in the community. Prevention can be done through the promotion of safe environments, the development of safety programs, procedures and services, which includes first aid education and disaster preparedness programs.

Community and Environmental Health: Situates the learner as an integral part of the community and the environment, with a great responsibility of protecting the environment, with the support of individual and community actions and legislation promoting a standard of health, hygiene and safety in food and water supply, waste management, pollution control, pest control, as well as the delivery of primary health care. Consumer Health: Focuses on the application of consumer knowledge and skills in the effective evaluation, selection and use of health information, products, and services. Family Health: Covers information on the human life cycle and also on...
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