Challenges of Sustainable Development

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|PAD 816 Development Management | |Challenges of Sustainable Development | |Individual Assignment |

|NW Cakata | |Student Number : 201004519 | |Master of Public Administration 1 | |University of Fort Hare | |October 2010 |

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Abstract ……………………………………………………………………………………3 2. Introduction …………………………………………………………………………….3 3. Challenges of Sustainable Development ………………………………….6 1. Global Population ……………………………………………………………………6 2. Global Warming and Climate Change …………………………………….9 3. Poverty and Health ………………………………………………………………….11 4. Natural Resources ……………………………………………………………………13 5. Increase in Energy Consumption …………………………………………….15 6. Financial and Economic Crimes ………………………………………………16 4. Possible Opportunities/ Solutions ……………………………………………18 5. Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………………….19 6. Bibliography …………………………………………………………………………….20 1. ABSTRACT

The desire to meet the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs has been on the agenda of developing nations in the world since the groundbreaking 1992 Rio Earth Summit. However, recent events like the Haiti earthquake, the “acid rain” in Mthatha a few weeks ago and the Global Economic meltdown; together with the fact that 1.3 billion are without access to clean water, about half of humanity lacking access to adequate sanitation and living on less than 2 US dollars a day and the fact that approximately 2 billion are still without access to electricity, have added impetus to growing fears of threats to sustainable development. Sustainable Development goes to the heart of tackling a number of inter-related global issues such as poverty, inequality, hunger and environmental degradation; and this paper seeks to explore the numerous threats to sustainable development and how these could possibly be resolved in order to ensure a “Triple Bottom Line” where the Social, Economic and Environmental systems interact on an equal basis. 2. INTRODUCTION

In 1983 the Brundtland Commission, formally known as the World Commission on Environment and Development, coined a generally accepted definition of sustainable development as being development that ‘meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’. As such, according to the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), sustainable development requires the promotion of values that encourage consumption standards within bounds of the ecologically possible to which all can aspire and also entails the concept of Needs, particularly of the poor, as a priority. Also, the idea of Limitations caused by the state of technology and social organization on environment’s ability to meet present and future needs. This means that for development to be sustainable careful consideration should be made to ensure that the fruits of such development will not only benefit the people in the short term and leave future generations in a desperate situation for survival, but will ensure that they also continue to benefit. Sustainable development integrates economic growth, social development and environmental protection. In this way, according to the IISD the world should be seen as a system that connects space and time and is composed of the Economic...
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