Challenges for Sustainable Agriculture in India

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Dilip Jha . 11HS60016 . MHRM 2011-13

Challenges for sustainable agriculture in India

Submitted to: (Prof.)Bhagirath Behera sir
Challenges for Sustainable Agriculture in India

Submitted by: Dilip Jha (11HS60016)
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Dilip Jha . 11HS60016 . MHRM 2011-13 TABLE OF CONTENT

S.NO. 1. ABSTRACT 2. INTRODUCTION 3. DEFINATION 4. OBJECTIVE 5. INDICATOR & CRITERIA 6. IMPLICATION FOR RESEARCH 7. EXTERNALITIES AND MEASURNMENT SUSTAINABLITY 8. CHALLENGE FOR SUSTAIBABLE AGRICULTURE IN COMMENWEALTH 9. METHODOLOGY 10. BIG CHALLENGES 11. BIO DIVERSITY 12. CONCLUSION 13. REFERENCES

Challenges for Sustainable Agriculture in India

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Dilip Jha . 11HS60016 . MHRM 2011-13 1.0 ABSTRACT This paper proposes such a framework based on an identification of agricultural production systems at different levels and their linkages, assessments of production requirements and supplies over time, tradeoffs between production increases and the quality of the natural resource base, and the capabilities of knowledge and technologies to alter the balance of tradeoffs. The paper also identifies the challenges posed to the existing agricultural research in India in the transition towards sustainable agriculture. India’s National Agricultural Policy accords high priority to the sustainability of agriculture. ICAR and the State Agricultural Universities, which comprise the National Agricultural Research System (NARS), also emphasize the importance of incorporating the sustainability perspective into their research programmers. But this requires an analytical framework for sustainable agriculture that can guide a transition from research and education directed towards productivity goals to research that addresses productivity issues keeping sustainability concerns in sight. 2.0 introduction The National Agricultural Policy (Ministry of Agriculture, 2000) of the Government of India aims at agricultural growth (4% annually to 2020) with sustainability, by a path that will be determined by three important factors: technologies, globalization, and markets. Agricultural research and education of the future must therefore address two related challenges: increasing agricultural productivity and profitability to keep pace with demand, and ensuring long-term sustainability of production. The National Agricultural Research System (NARS) deals with the first challenge. Development of short-duration, high-yielding cultivars, irrigation, and intensive use of fertilizers and other agrochemicals provided the technological basis for increasing agricultural production and the green revolution. Central to the adoption of green revolution technologies were the micro or farm economics which governed the use of inputs such as land, cultivar, labour, machinery, and chemicals balanced against profits from crop yields - and the macro economics that ensured better access to inputs and markets. The research and education systems have evolved within this framework with a commodity productivity focus. Sustainability as a goal of agricultural research and development is a relatively recent Concept. In recent years, national and international research organizations have responded to the increasing importance of sustainability in agricultural development. The Indian council Of agricultural research (icar) has also revised its mandate; its new vision statement reads, “to harness science to ensure sustained physical, economic, and ecological access to food and Livelihood security to all through generation, assessment, refinement, and adoption of Appropriate technologies," (icar, 1999). Nearly all institutions of icar and state Agricultural universities (saus), which constitute the nars, have new vision statements Focusing on "productivity with sustainability" Development of...
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