Cement Industries

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1. Introduction…………………………………………………………………2

2. Impact Of Technology On Construction………………………..3

3. I&CT Impact on Construction……………………………………….10

4. Direction of Future Technology……………………………………15

5. Construction Benefits of technology…………………………….19

6. Conclusion……………………………………………………………………19

7. References…………………………………………………………………….21

1. Introduction

Contractor, Owner and Society are main parts of any project and there are a lot of information, communication and work between them. Technologies plays important rule to facilitate the project for all parties. In this research, we will see the impact of technologies on construction and contract we will see in detail how the technologies help to complete the project with low cost, avoid disputes between contractor and owner and without mistakes. Moreover, the impact of technologies on communication system will be covered in this research that will show how it's consequential effects on the successful of completing projects. Furthermore, technologies is improving day by day so the future has a lot of technologies that will play important role in advancing projects construction, contracts and the relationship between the owner and the contractor. In this research we will see how nanotechnology is one of most important future technologies and its effects on civil engineering. (*ref 7.1-7.8)

2. Impact Of Technology On Construction

Projects construction recently has used latest technologies to enhance the performance of worker, increase the productivity and improve safety. In this part of research we will see how 3/4 Dimension technologies are applied and what they need to be used effectively. Also we will see how the technology plays important role to avoid and mitigate the conflict and dispute between owner and contractor. Finally, we will see the technology impact on the safety during the construction.

a. 3D and 4D Model Application

3D and 4D model is one of the useful technologies that is used in construction as per researchers evaluation within educational or industrial settings. Also the potential of these technologies are acknowledged by practitioners. Moreover, these technologies play important role in project construction administration. However, these technologies are not used effectively in the huge infrastructure projects and this due to the nature of actions and reactive of these projects. There are a less number of case studies that show the sample and useful of these technologies. However, it considers the starting point for construction industries to understand how to use 3/4 D model technologies effectively. Here are some descriptions of the applications of 3D/4D model during project construction and administration stages. (ref 7.1 & 7.8)

i. Photorealistic Rendering

3D/4D model technology can be used for marketing purposes by builder, developer and designer on private projects or to involve in community on public project. Specialist in this technology can offer clear pictures for their customer by using 3D walkthrough short movie clip. (ref 7.1 & 7.8)

ii. Virtual Design Review

This kind of technology is used to demonstrate complex geometric that cannot be demonstrated by 2 Dimension technologies. Moreover, it plays important role to improve the quality of meeting between owner and project team because it helps the designer to convey their ideal very well. Further it helps to detect any conflict to be avoided in future. (ref 7.1)

iii. Analyzing Design Options/Building Operations

Using 3D model as input for design analysis and simulation software application will help the design engineers to get more accurate result than using 2 D model as input.(ref 7.1)

iv. Cost Estimating

The cost can be...
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