E.g. I was living in Italy in 1998.
I was living in Italy in 1998 – past continuous.
We never go to the theatre these days.
We’re saving up to travel abroad.
Present Continuous Root
We’ve already been to Europe.
We didn’t have enough money to go further.
Simple Past Root
We had spent all our savings by the end of the summer.
We’d been sleeping rough for several weeks when the weather turned colder.
Past Perfect Past Simple
This year I’ve been awarded a travel scholarship.
We’re going to travel for six months in Australia and I’m going to write a thesis on the local dialects.
Present continuous, Root , Present continuous
I think we’ll buy a camper van.
Present Simple, Future Simple
By the year 2012 I’ll have completed most of my research.
2.What would you say to a student who asked you to explain the difference between these pairs of sentences?
a) I bought a newspaper this morning.
I’ve bought a newspaper this morning.
a) The first sentence: it is already afternoon when the statement is said. The second sentence: it is still morning.
b) She speaks French.
She’s speaking French.
b) The first sentence: she is able to speak French.
The second sentence: she is speaking French right now.
c) Did you remember to sign the letter?
Do you remember signing the letter?
c) The first question: making sure the letter got signed.
The second question: checking if the other person remembers the actual act of signing the letter..
d) He didn’t need to call the doctor.
He needn’t have called the doctor...