1. Check in a grammar reference book and give examples of the following tenses. Give REALISTIC NATURAL examples that might commonly be spoken/written by a native speaker.
a.Present Simple I wake up late.
He is eating.
She sat down.
They were still talking when I left.
e.Present Perfect Simple
He hasn’t lived in London for long. f.Present Perfect Continuous
It has been raining for days.
He had eaten.
h.Past Perfect Continuous
She had been playing for hours.
2. Many foreign learners have learnt that Will and Shall are used to refer to the future in English e.g. Jane'll be home soon. However, in natural colloquial English other forms are frequently used. Look up and find 3 more ways of talking about the future without using will or shall. Give example sentences.
It is going to rain.
They are coming next week.
You are about to hear it.
Language - varieties
3.Look at the following sentences. Would you say them? Who might?
So she's like “No”, and I'm like “Why not?”
This is more likely to be used colloquially in conversation by the younger generation.
I am seeing what you mean.
This is an incorrect use of the present continuous tense and is likely to be spoken by someone learning the English language
We've already gotten to know each other pretty well.
This is grammatically correct and is likely to be used by someone who is proficient in speaking the English language
Language - accuracy
4.Look at these examples of a learner's spoken English. Underline the error and say why you think it is wrong and why.
Pedro has arrived last Saturday.
The sentence incorrectly combines elements of the Present Perfect tense and Past Simple tense. The correct sentence would be ‘Pedro arrived last Saturday’.
ii)She is living here since ten years.
The sentence incorrectly combines elements of the Present Continuous tense and the Present Perfect Simple tense. Also the word ‘since’ would only be used if a specific moment in time was mentioned. The correct sentence would be ‘She has been living here for ten years’.
Last year when I went on holiday, I lost my luggages?
The word luggage encompasses a group of items and therefore doesn’t need a plural. An example of a similar word would be food. As the word food would include a limitless amount of items no plural is required. The correct sentence would be ‘Last year when I went on holiday, I lost my luggage’.
She's a good cooker.
Cook can be used as both a noun and a verb. The noun cook has to be distinguished from the verb ‘to cook’. In this context the noun must be used therefore the sentence should read ;She’s a good cook’
Language – Functions
5. Modal auxiliaries are used to express different functions in English. For example, we use should in different ways to mean different things:
You should see a doctor
I know I should vote
That should be him now
Look in a grammar book at find out more about modal auxiliaries.
Consider the modal auxiliary can. Think of 4 different functions/uses and give examples as above.
He can ride a bike
Refers to abilities
Can you turn the light on?
Refers to a request
Can I sit here?
I can show you tomorrow
6. The meaning of new vocabulary can be presented in a variety of ways, including the following:
A picture or drawing, a simple synonym or opposite, an explanation or definition, a mime or gesture, a scale or diagram, sound effects etc. or any combination of these – remember this is not an exclusive list.
Imagine you are teaching low level students. You are going to teach these...
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