Cellular Jail

Topics: Andaman Islands, Cellular Jail, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Pages: 18 (2138 words) Published: May 13, 2013
Cellular Jail
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|Cellular Jail | |[pic] | |Cellular Jail, Andaman | |General information | |Type |Prison for political prisoners (Indian freedom | | |fighters) | |Architectural style |Cellular, Pronged | |Town or city |Port Blair, Andaman | |Country |India | |Coordinates |[pic]11°40′30″N 92°44′53″E / 11.675°N 92.748°E / | | |11.675; 92.748 | |Construction started |1896 | |Completed |1906 | |Cost |Rs. 517,352[1] | |Design and construction | |Client |British Raj |

The Cellular Jail, also known as Kālā Pāani (Black Water), was a colonial prison situated in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. The prison was used by the British especially to exile political prisoners to the remote archipelago. Many notable dissidents such as Batukeshwar Dutt and Veer Savarkar, among others, were imprisoned here during the struggle for India's independence. Today, the complex serves as a national memorial monument.[2]

|Contents |
| [hide]  |
|1 History |
|2 Architecture |
|3 Inmates |
|4 Japanese Occupation |
|5 Post Independence |
|6 See also |
|7 References |
|8 External links |

History [edit]

Although the prison complex itself was constructed between 1896 and 1906, the British had been using the Andaman islands as a prison since the days in the immediate aftermath of the 1857 War of Independence. [pic]

The Ross Island Prison Headquarters, 1872
Shortly after the rebellion was suppressed, the British executed many rebels. Those who survived were exiled for life to the Andamans to prevent them re-offending. 200 rebels were transported to the islands under the custody of the jailer David Barry and Major James Pattison Walker , a military doctor who had been warden of the prison at Agra. Another 733 from Karachi arrived in April, 1868.[3][4] More prisoners arrived from India and Burma as the settlement grew.[5] Anyone who belonged to the Mughal royal family, or who had sent a petition to Bahadur Shah Zafar during the Rebellion was liable to be deported to the islands. [pic]

Port Blair - Viper New Jails under construction
The remote islands were considered to be a suitable place to punish the rebels. Not only were they isolated from the mainland, the overseas journey (Kala Pani) to the islands also threatened them with loss of caste, resulting in social exclusion.[6] The convicts could also be used in chain gangs to construct prisons, buildings and harbour facilities. Many died in this enterprise. They served to colonise the island for the British. By the late 19th century the independence movement had picked up momentum. As a result, the number of prisoners being sent to the Andamans started growing and the need for a high-security prison was felt.

Architecture [edit]

Andaman Cellular...
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