2.1. The Causes of Road Accident
Road accident is becoming more and more common in today’s society and contributes to a significant number of deaths as the result. The following are some causes that lead to road accident.
2.1.1 Human Error One of the leading causes is driver error. These are careless and unnecessary mistakes such as falling asleep at the wheel, following other cars too closely, unsafe overtaking, speeding, not stopping at the red traffic light and other common disregards of road rules. Distractions is also linked to driver error because accidents can occur when the driver is distracted by such things as changing CDs, calling on the phone, sending or reading text messages, and even checking your make up on the mirror can all cause road accidents. Another common mistake done by drivers is driving while under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
Poor Road Designs Another cause of road accidents is poor road designs. This can happen when roadways
are not constructed appropriately and lead to conditions that allow for accident to occur. Some of these include upkeep, unclear road signs and poorly placed barriers, guard rills and speed bumps. Insufficient use of road markings and poor condition of road surface also makes it more likely for accidents to occur.
2.2.3 Vehicle Defects
Accidents can also happen on the road due to vehicle defects. These can be anything from brake failure to a tire bursting. Defective car components such as airbags which do not deploy correctly can also cause people to suffer more serious injuries when involve in an accident and may even lead to death.
2.2.4 Road Traffic Accidents Bad weather is also one of the biggest causes of road traffic accidents. This is because bad weather such as heavy rain, snow or fog can cause bad visibility and poor friction on road surfaces which in turn lead to vehicles not able to stop and break in time and collide with each other or other objects....