Road Accidents in Saudi Arabia

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  • Topic: Road transport, Tram accident, Car safety
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Literature Review: Road Traffic Accidents

9/17/2011
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Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION TO ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS4
Safety4
Safety of Roads4
Safety condition of Vehicles5
Road Traffic Accidents5
Major Causes of Road Traffic Accidents7
Improper maintenance of vehicle8
Red Light Running9
Use of Mobile Phones while driving10
Drunk driving11
Avoiding Seat Belt or Helmets11
Youth races and careless driving11
Improper road structure12
Effects of Traffic Accidents13
Social Impacts of Road Traffic Accidents13
Economic Impacts of Road Traffic Accidents14
Ways for controlling the traffic accidents14
INTRODDUCTION INTO THE CEASES OF TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN JEDDAH CITY18
History of the problem in Saudi Arabia18
The Roads and Public Transport in Saudi Arabia19
The causes of the Road Traffic Accidents in Saudi Arabia19
The effects of the Road Traffic Accidents in Saudi Arabia20
Jeddah City22
Population22
Economy22
Society22
Road &Traffic Laws in Saudi Arabia (Jeddah)23
THE USED METHDOLGIES AND ANALYSIS OF DATA23
The different used methodologies for gathering the data23
Analysis of international data24
Analysis Middle East data27
Analysis Saudi Arabia and Jeddah data28
CONCLUSION/RECOMMENDATION29
REFERENCES31

Literature Review
INTRODUCTION TO ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS
Safety
According to Security Industry Association (SIA 160), safety is defined as; “Adequate safety with respect to a hazard is ensured provided that the hazard is kept under control by appropriate measures or the risk is limited to an acceptable value. Absolute safety is not achievable.” (Schneider, 1997) According to Wildavsky (1988), Safety is a protective measure to ensure the chances of unfortunate incidents are kept at minimum. As the above definition identifies, it is not possible to achieve an absolute safety level, however it can be assured that the risk of getting hurt is reduced by taking precautionary measures. Safety has become a common phenomenon and a word of mouth in every aspect of life. Not only the man created acts of terrorism and violence have increased the safety measures, but also the defense against the natural dangers and catastrophes has highlighted the issue of safety. (Wildavsky, 1988) Safety of Roads

The concept of safety appears at every place that has a potential to be injurious to the well being of the users and Road is one of them. Ever since the evolution of mankind, the infrastructural development has been improving to allow safe movement, better communication and luxury travel. The development of road structures is a part of this need driven development of the social infrastructural environment. However, the creation of smoother and wider roads has enabled the traffic to move faster than before, leading to increased road accidents. Similarly, the burst of vehicles on the roads has enhanced the incidents of unfortunate traffic accidents. (Marmot, and Wilkinson, 2006) Due to increasing number of vehicles on the road, the better and faster vehicles, hastiness of life, and inconceivably higher instances of fatal road accidents, road safety has become a common matter of interest for the policy makers around the world. According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (International Federation) (2010), Road safety is one of the most crucial yet largely neglected public matters. In their action plan for year 2010-2011, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies have mentioned that the number of accidents on the road due to poor road safety conditions is causing up to 1.3 million deaths every year. This is nearly 3000 fatalities every day, which is a highly alarming count. The road accidents are killing as many people as the fatal disease like tuberculosis and malaria and if the second and third world countries do not join hands...
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