Cause and Effect Paper
The effects of drugs on unborn and born babies are outrageous. “1 out of every 2 women pregnant right now is on drugs. Effects 145”
The most commonly taken drug during pregnancy is caffeine. It’s most common because caffeine is in a lot of our every day substances such as; coffee, soda, tea and chocolate. Studies show that caffeine consumed a lot threw out pregnancy leads to babies born with low birth weights.
The second most common drug used during pregnancy is nicotine. Cigarette smoking during pregnancy effects the growth of a baby’s brain and heart. It also slows down the weight gain and causes low birth weights. This drug also has effects on a baby after it is born. It increases the chance of SIDS and has been proven to be linked to ADHD.
“With the use of alcohol during pregnancy, the risk of miscarriages is doubled. Drug 4” Alcohol also causes low birth weights in many babies. Alcohol consumption of any kind when pregnant can lead to facial defects, non funiconal organs, and mental retardation.
Another very commonly used drug is Crack/Cocaine. This drug can also cause fatal problems to born and unborn babies. “In the development of an unborn baby, crack/cocaine crosses threw the placenta, constricts the blood vessels and reduces the blood flow to the baby. Drug 5” This can cause problems in the brain, heart, and other vital organs. One main effect that it has on a newborn is that if they received the drug during pregnancy those babies come out addicted to the drug already. Being addicted and then taken away from the drug at birth can cause some mental disorders like Autism or Adhd.
There are many different drugs that have various effects on babies during and after pregnancy. It doesn’t matter what drug it is, what matters is that it’s harmful to the baby and women should use them.
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