Case Study on Unemployment in Pakistan

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ABSTRACT

The cause of unemployment in society was very important topic. We have to conductive proper survey and collect the data through questionnaire and after completion of the data 24.67% unemployment is due to extreme growth in population and 28.67% non coordination between education and job opportunities. Less investment in technical field is also a reason of unemployment. According to a survey research, we come on this point unemployment is also depend on economic condition of our country. Now a days professional and technical education necessary for our society

CHAPTER NO 1

INTRODUCTION:

The term in unemployment means,

“A person is unemployed if he or she did not worked during the preceding week but made some effort to find working the past four weeks”

Unemployment is one of the major problems of Pakistan. The level of unemployment is moving up. The socio economic system of the country and institutions has failed to provide employment to the increasing labor force. The rate of expansion in industrial sector is very slow. The increasing labor force has not been absorbed. Increasing output of general education institutions is the major cause of educated young men’s unemployment. Technical, professional and vocational institutions are limited in number.

Nationalization of industrial units very badly affected the investment industrial sector. The private investor shifted their capital to other countries. Employment in the private sector absolutely stopped for many years. The higher growth rate of population is the major causes of unemployment. The population has exceeded the optimum level. The Resources of the country are limited.

Employment cannot be provided to the increasing labor force. The cottage industries in rural areas had been faded out by the machine made goods. The artisans have been rendered unemployed. Educated young men like white collar jobs. They do not like to perform manual labor. The higher age of retirement in government services has blocked the employment of educated young men. Reemployment of civil and military high ranking offices in government corporations and agencies deprives the qualified men from employment. The unemployment rate is a sensitive indicator of conditions in labour market unemployment is often associated with improving wages and working conditions as well as employers compete to attract retain workers.. When the unemployment rate is low, jobs are secure and relatively easier to find. Low

EMPLOYED
“A person is employed if he or she worked full time or part time (even for a few hours) during the past week or is on vacation or sick leave from a regular job. OUT OF LABOR FORCE:
A person is to be out of the labor force if he or she did not work in the past 4 week. In other person neither employed nor un employed are out of the labor force. LABOR FORCE:
Labor force consists of employed and unemployed person.
A person is employ if he is able to work and looking for work. The term “ able to work and looking for work” means who is able to work and is making effort to get work on pay and profit or trying to establish a business or enter into a profession or a waiting results of any of the following efforts Writing applications for job to different institute suited to him. Working with out pay in order to get experience and training. Applying for job on different advertisement persons looking for work may be of two types, 1.Previous experience

2.New job seekers

CAUSES OF UNEMPLOYMENT IN PAKISTAN
There are a number of causes of unemployment in Pakistan. The most important of these causes is a non stop increasing population. Deteriorating law and order situation has slowed down the tempo of economic activity. Karachi is the biggest industrial base of our country. But investors are reluctant to invest there because of continuous unrest and violence.

Our educational system is also responsible for the...
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