Case Study, Mia Phillipines

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MIA, PHILIPPINES
Case Study

Agenda
 The Philippines  MIA Denmark  San Huagon  Problems  Discussion  Solution

© 2012/13 FH Technikum Wien

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The Philippines
History

 1500: Spanish colony  1900: American colony

 1942: Occupied by the Japanese  1945: Liberated by American and Filipino forces  1946: Attained independency and founded a democracy

© 2012/13 FH Technikum Wien

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The Philippines
The Country

 7100 islands

 299.735 km²  Capital: Manila  92.337.852 inhabitants  45,2% living below US$2 a day (2006) © 2012/13 FH Technikum Wien

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The Philippines
Fishing Industry (2003)
    World production of fish is 146,27 million tons 3,36 million tons of fish produced in the Philippines Ranked 8th among top fish producing countries worldwide 10.371.676 involved in the fishing industry

 Fishing boats:
– 177.627 motorized – 292.180 non-motorized

 Fishing does not require landownership or special permits  Considered as a last resort for people who have no other means of subsistence © 2012/13 FH Technikum Wien

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The Philippines
Doing Business (2009)  Out of 178 countries:
– Placed 140th for doing business – Placed 155th for starting business

 To complete a business start up it takes an average of:
– 15 procedures and 52 days in the Philippines – 5,8 procedures and 13,4 days in developed contries

© 2012/13 FH Technikum Wien

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MIA Denmark
History
 Established in 1975  Hagen Nordstrom  Made fighting poverty his life´s work

 Focused on poverty-alleviating  Dec. 2004: Gillis Nordstrom has taken over as MIA chairman

© 2012/13 FH Technikum Wien

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MIA Denmark
Strategic focus
 Dez. 2004: Tsunami catastrophe in Southeast Asia  MIA focused on disaster recovery and poverty alleviation projects in Southeast Asia

© 2012/13 FH Technikum Wien

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MIA Denmark
Start to expand to Southeast Asia  Jan. 2006:
– Establishing office in Manila

 Project management in Denmark:
– Borje Peterson

 Project management in Manila:
– Ricardo Perez

© 2012/13 FH Technikum Wien

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MIA Denmark
Start to expand to Southeast Asia  Quickly established contact with local and international stakeholders  Needs of the Philippines?

 Design a project:
– Helping artisanal fishermen

 San Barangay Hagon
© 2012/13 FH Technikum Wien

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Barangay San Hagon
People and location:
 125 households with 625 people  South coast of Luzon

Economy:
 1. occupation: fishing  2. occupation: rice, farming, fruits and vegetable and livestock raising  12 overseas workers  Income for a fisherman $ 1/day

© 2012/13 FH Technikum Wien

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Barangay San Hagon
Capital assets Human Capital:
 Education: most had some high school education  Skills: fishing skills (learnt from villagers, friends etc.)  Employment: most had multiple occupations

Social Capital:
 Access to information:  Role of women: over fellow fishermen, friends and relatives women are an active work force, little decision-making power

© 2012/13 FH Technikum Wien

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Barangay San Hagon
Capital assets Natural Capital:
 Access to natural resources: free access to the ocean, land and water  Resource ownership: nearly all villagers own their small plot of land

Financial Capital:
    Access to financing: limited access to public or private financing. Saving potential: limited saving potential due their limited income Income generation: fishing, farming, livestock raising Remittances: 12 overseas workers 13

© 2012/13 FH Technikum Wien

Barangay San Hagon
Capital assets Physical Capital:
 Access to electricity: old diesel generator that provides electricity  Access of communication: no phone lines or wireless phone service  Access to transportation: only dirt roads  Access to safe water supply: no running water  Home ownership: more then 95% of the households own their own dwellings.  Boat ownership: Banka boat ownership...
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